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How Did You Know Jimmy Luth?

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We had a lot of fun giving away daily neatorama prizes this month! We hope you enjoyed the new aspect of the game. We're taking all your feedback into consideration for the next hunt, so thanks for being active on the Facebook page. Head over there to find out if you're a random winner, as we'll be pulling that later today. Meantime, congrats to our first place winner, you remember him from the beginning of the summer, yes, it's Jimmy Luth again! Let's RE-meet him now:

Even though I had hoped for wrong answers for Sean (Sorry man) I was sure I was out of the running with the facebook post. Now I am part of the even more exclusive two time winners of HDYK! (Has there ever been a three time champion?). I told all my info on my last bio but I am still married (Thanks to Laurie for dialing the phone as I called out numbers), still with two daughters (Annabelle, 4, pictured 400 feet above Downtown Disney), still an Analyst, and still a trivia nut. As for the puzzles..I spent entirely too much time on a Friday night for Day 4's line puzzles no doubt missing the answer several times as I twisted and turned the pictures in MS Paint. Seriously Josh, do these come to you in your dreams for you to make them our nightmare? I needed no assistance to the palindrome as that was one my Dad taught me many years ago and for some reason sticks with me. As always, thanks to the facebook fans that appear each month with hints and game chat.

Thanks again David and Josh!

Final Answer

A man, a plan, a canal, panama

Day 1

D1L1
-Felix the Cat
-Snagglepuss
-Heathcliff
-Tom
-Sylvester
-Garfield
HDYK: Knew all but Snagglepuss. Had to Google.

D1L2
1. Cat Scratch Fever (Ted Nugent album)
2. Stray Cats (Band)
3. Cat Stevens (Artist)
4. Morph The Cat (Album by Steely Dan founder Donald Fagen)
5. Peter Criss (The Catman of Kiss)
HDYK: Knew some of them. Used facebook hints and Google for others.

D1L3
ABIIF::HELLO
GRGBHEAMNEA
MUNGOJERRIE
What famous musical is this character from?
Answer: Cats
HDYK: work and rework to figure out it was adding the number to the cooresponding letters to get the new letter. A + 7 = H.

Day 2

D2L1
1 CHOO SE-YO UR-WE APON - The Expendables
2 AN-EPI C-OF-EP IC-EPI CNESS - Scott Pilgrim vs. the World
3 LET-YO URSE LF-GO-T HIS-A UGUST - Eat Pray Love
4 THE-MA GICS-B ACK-WA RTS-A ND-ALL - Nanny McPhee Returns
5 SOME-G UYS-J UST-C ANT-H ANDLE-V EGAS - The Hangover
6 YOUR-M IND-I S-THE-S CENE-O F-THE-C RIME - Inception
7 THE-M OST-UN EXPE CTED-C OMED Y-EVE R-CONC EIVED - The Switch
Answer: 27, The Hangover, released in 2009
HDYK: Worked out possible words and googled ideas and movies released this year.

D2L2
Movies: Fat Albert (2), The Dark Knight (3), She's Out of My League (5), Baby's Day Out (3), A Hard Day's Night (4), The Wedding Singer (3), Get Smart (2), Saturday Night Fever (3), Get Rich or Die Tryin' (5), Big Daddy (2), Die Hard (2), Get Him to the Greek (5), Wedding Crashers (2), Knight and Day (3), My Big Fat Greek Wedding (5)

1 The Dark Knight
2 Baby's Day Out
3 My Big Fat Greek Wedding
4 Knight and Day
5 Big Daddy
6 She's Out of My League
7 Fat Albert
8 The Wedding Singer
9 Get Smart
10 Get Rich or Die Tryin'
11 Wedding Crashers
12 A Hard Day's Night
13 Saturday Night Fever
14 Get Him to the Greek
15 Die Hard
HDYK: Knew all movie posters. Had to figure out how to do puzzle and was able to do the puzzle without printout.

D2L3
JAMES - CAMERON - DIAZ
LIV - TYLER - PERRY
DANIEL - CRAIG - FERGUSON
BOY - GEORGE - HARRISON
RON - HOWARD - STERN
KURT - RUSSELL - BRAND
ELIZABETH - TAYLOR - SWIFT
LARRY - DAVID - BOWIE
TONY -ORLANDO - BLOOM
CAROL - CHANNING - TATUM
MEG - RYAN - GOSLING
HDYK: Figured all but last one. Got help with a search for Tatum.
Question: Ryan Gosling replaced what actor, who co-starred with Meg Ryan in “Kate & Leopold”, in the lead role of the upcoming film “Drive”, based on the short novel by James Sallis?
Answer: Hugh Jackman

Day 3

D3L1
1 Will and Grace
2 The Sopranos
3 Friends
4 The Price is Right
5 Wheel of Fortune
Answer: ARIAL
Code represents the letter in the place of the first number in answers above with the number of the answer in the second number
HDYK: Took that quiz already this week. Figured out the code pretty quick.

D3L2
1. Done - David K. Israel
2. by commenter e - http://redux.com/f/1381567/Comic-Sans-The-Response
3. Avenir = Ravine
4. avin = vain
5. Vein+font
6. http://www.dafont.com/vein.font
7. Note of the author - This is part of the instruction from step 1.
HDYK: Followed steps. Verified against the facebook clues.

D3L3
Black - switch first and second letter (except the word 'the' apparently)
Red - Move last letter to the beginning.
Green - i's replaced with o; a to e, o to u, e to i
Yellow - the letter i is replaced with next letter in the word.
Pink - the letter u is replaced with the previous letter in the word.
Blue - Move the first letter to the end.
Brown - o's changed to a; a to i, e to o, o to e
Hiding inside this paragraph is the name of a popular font. Circle the first letter of each sentence after you've decoded it. Lay those letters out on the page. Take a good look! Each letter counts. Even the red ones. An anagram is the solution. Isn't it? Very good!
HCLTEEAIV
HELVETICA
Who directed the movie about this font and in what year?
Answer: Gary Hustwit, 2007
HDYK: worked out words. Posted my comment. Hoped for the best.

Day 4

Video Clue 1: The X shape
HDYK: Legitimate guess for each one until finding the right one.
Video Clue 2: 5 Squares
HDYK: Had to listen carefully for "size of squares". Horizontals of 1X1, 2X2, and 3X3. Diangonal 1X1 (From dot 2 down to dot 2 across, etc.). Offset Diagonal 1X1 (From dot 2 down to dot 3 across, etc.)
Video Clue 3/Answer: Existent

D4L2
1. 18 year old voters are this - ELIGIBLE - B. 37816173
2. Game that uses 16 6 - sided die - BOGGLE A. 376608
3. If a lady's a 10 in the US she's a 42 in Europe - SHOESIZE F. 32153045
4. It's found on the 4 -GHI - E - 146 (that was rough, focused on words, not clues, couldn't figure out proper math)
5. Shade of white thats (240, 234, 214) - EGGSHELL G. 77345663
6. Sound heard least often on 11/25 of 2010. - GOBBLE C. 378806
7. To wallpaper it's living room, use the formula 2[pi]r^2. - IGLOO - D. 0.0761
HDYK: Quickly figured out you were looking for words with an upside down calculator. Did the math the best I could with simple calculator. Did the remainder on paper or in Excel. (Old school style -PEMDAS)

D4L3
"What teen singer will appear on the 11th season premiere of CSI?"
Justin Bieber
Question: In an unforeseen outcome (albeit elaborate stunt) to an online contest, which country did Internet pranksters vote to send Justin Bieber to perform a concert on his current tour?
Answer: North Korea
HDYK: I was able to solve in MS Paint after many rotations, movements, pastes and every which way and reading frustrating clues on facebook. Caught the word "the" and found the rest.

Day 5

D1L1 - Garfield
D1L3 - 25 = 7
D2L3 - henry Lethem 2005
D2L2 The Rock 1996
D3L3 1957
D4L2 30

Original image
iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
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Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
May 21, 2017
Original image
iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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Opening Ceremony
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These $425 Jeans Can Turn Into Jorts
May 19, 2017
Original image
Opening Ceremony

Modular clothing used to consist of something simple, like a reversible jacket. Today, it’s a $425 pair of detachable jeans.

Apparel retailer Opening Ceremony recently debuted a pair of “2 in 1 Y/Project” trousers that look fairly peculiar. The legs are held to the crotch by a pair of loops, creating a disjointed C-3PO effect. Undo the loops and you can now remove the legs entirely, leaving a pair of jean shorts in their wake. The result goes from this:

501069-OpeningCeremony2.jpg

Opening Ceremony

To this:

501069-OpeningCeremony3.jpg

Opening Ceremony

The company also offers a slightly different cut with button tabs in black for $460. If these aren’t audacious enough for you, the Y/Project line includes jumpsuits with removable legs and garter-equipped jeans.

[h/t Mashable]

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