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The Quick 10: The Scrumdidlyumptious Roald Dahl

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Is there a kid out there who doesn't delight in the made-up words and fantastical worlds Roald Dahl created over the years? From giants that can clear the county with stinky whizzpoppers to little boys who live in peaches with insects, Dahl had stories to suit every type of imagination out there. He was one of my favorite authors as a kid, and I bet a lot of you have fond memories, too. Let's see if this Q10 brings some of them back.

1. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory didn't start out as the classic we're familiar with today. It went through many revisions and Dahl reportedly scrapped the entire first draft titled Charlie's Chocolate Boy when his nephew declared it stupid. And at one point there was another irritating child who would get her comeuppance at the hands of the chocolate factory: Miranda Piker. You can read the whole chapter here.
2. The Witches contains a tribute to Dahl's mother "“ the grandmother in the story is based on her. He adored his mom and said she was "a rock, a real rock, always on your side whatever you'd done. It gave me the most tremendous sense of security. Her name? Sofie, which you'll also recognize as the name of the little girl in The BFG. That Sophie was technically named after Dahl's granddaughter, Sophie Dahl, who was in turn named after her great-grandmother.

3. In fact, Roald based many of his most famous characters off of people he knew in real life. The horrendous Miss Trunchbull from Matilda was inspired by a duo of equally scary people from his days at St. Peter's Prep from 1925-1929. The Matron of the school "disliked small boys very much indeed," he said, and the Headmaster wasn't afraid to use his cane on students.

4. The first book Dahl ever wrote was based on a script that was rejected by Disney. Walt Disney was so impressed by Dahl that he paid the tab for the 25-year-old writer to come to Hollywood, rent a car and stay at the Beverly Hills Hotel while he wrote The Gremlins. The movie was never made, but the book was. Because it was about little demons that cause failures in airplanes, Dahl didn't find it appropriate for children and it was never his favorite book.

5. Dahl was also an inventor, out of necessity. When his son Theo was just four months old, a New York City cab hit his baby carriage. Theo was severely injured and developed hydrocephalus (water on the brain). Not content to let his poor son suffer, Dahl became involved in the development of a brain shunt that would help drain the fluid from Theo's brain. A device already existed, but it often jammed up and could cause blindness and brain damage. Dahl recruited hydraulic engineer Stanley Wade and neurosurgeon Kenneth Till; together they invented the Wade-Dahl-Till valve, a vast improvement over the previous incarnation. By the time it was finished and perfect, though, Theo had made a full recovery and never got to use his father's invention. But thousands of other children benefited and the three men who designed it vowed to never accept a penny for their work.

6. The Twits was inspired by Roald Dahl's immense dislike of facial hair, especially beards. Really. Once a little boy approached him, accompanied by his bearded father. According to one of Dahl's close friends, Roald bent down and asked the little boy, "Do you like your dad's beard?" When the little boy shook his head, Roald replied, "I think it's disgusting. What do you think is inside it?" And if you loved The Twits when you were a child, then you're either going to love or hate this news: the film adaptation is scheduled to be released in 2012. John Cleese is writing the screenplay, which makes me feel pretty good about it.

7. Dahl made his mom take him to visit Beatrix Potter when he was just about six years old. Her books were his favorites; upon seeing her farm he immediately recognized it as the setting of Jemima Puddle-Duck. Apparently Beatrix was out in her garden when young Roald and his mom walked up. She was notorious for disliking children, despite her tremendous success in the field of children's books, and asked Roald what he wanted. He explained that he came to meet Beatrix Potter. "Well you've met her. Now buzz off," is what he claims she said.

8. If you pay attention, you'll find references to Dahl's other works in his books. For instance, James and the Giant Peach mentions the peach rolls off of a tree and through a "famous chocolate factory." And Vermicious Knids are mentioned in both James and the Giant Peach and The Minpins. They first appear in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory but are expanded upon in the sequel, Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator.
9. Matilda was almost completely rewritten. He finished the entire thing and decided when it was done that it just wasn't right. "I started the whole book again and re-wrote every word and I knew where I was wrong. I really had to re-write the whole book! And now I'm fairly happy with it. I think it's OK. But it certainly wasn't before." Makes you wonder what the first draft was like, doesn't it?

10. In addition to his 18 children's books, Dahl wrote for adults too. I was delighted to discover that he wrote Lamb to the Slaughter, an old Alfred Hitchcock Presents episode where a wife murders her husband by assaulting him with a leg of lamb, then cooks the evidence so police can't find the murder weapon. In fact, they eat it. That was one of six AHP episodes he penned. Dahl also wrote the script for You Only Live Twice.

It would be hard for me to name a favorite Dahl book, but I like the darkness of The Witches and remember getting to make flashcards of all of the made-up words in The BFG in school. What was your favorite?

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10 Memorable Neil deGrasse Tyson Quotes
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Neil deGrasse Tyson is America's preeminent badass astrophysicist. He's a passionate advocate for science, NASA, and education. He's also well-known for a little incident involving Pluto. And the man holds nearly 20 honorary doctorates (in addition to his real one). In honor of his 59th birthday, here are 10 of our favorite Neil deGrasse Tyson quotes.

1. ON SCIENCE

"The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it."
—From Real Time with Bill Maher.

2. ON NASA FUNDING

"As a fraction of your tax dollar today, what is the total cost of all spaceborne telescopes, planetary probes, the rovers on Mars, the International Space Station, the space shuttle, telescopes yet to orbit, and missions yet to fly?' Answer: one-half of one percent of each tax dollar. Half a penny. I’d prefer it were more: perhaps two cents on the dollar. Even during the storied Apollo era, peak NASA spending amounted to little more than four cents on the tax dollar." 
—From Space Chronicles

3. ON GOD AND HURRICANES

"Once upon a time, people identified the god Neptune as the source of storms at sea. Today we call these storms hurricanes ... The only people who still call hurricanes acts of God are the people who write insurance forms."
—From Death by Black Hole

4. ON THE BENEFITS OF TECHNOLOGY INVENTED FOR USE IN SPACE

"Countless women are alive today because of ideas stimulated by a design flaw in the Hubble Space Telescope." (Editor's note: technology used to repair the Hubble Space Telescope's optical problems led to improved technology for breast cancer detection.)
—From Space Chronicles

5. ON THE DEMOTION OF PLUTO FROM PLANET STATUS 

PBS

"I knew Pluto was popular among elementary schoolkids, but I had no idea they would mobilize into a 'Save Pluto' campaign. I now have a drawer full of hate letters from hundreds of elementary schoolchildren (with supportive cover letters from their science teachers) pleading with me to reverse my stance on Pluto. The file includes a photograph of the entire third grade of a school posing on their front steps and holding up a banner proclaiming, 'Dr. Tyson—Pluto is a Planet!'"
—From The Sky Is Not the Limit

6. ON JAMES CAMERON'S TITANIC

"In [Titanic], the stars above the ship bear no correspondence to any constellations in a real sky. Worse yet, while the heroine bobs ... we are treated to her view of this Hollywood sky—one where the stars on the right half of the scene trace the mirror image of the stars in the left half. How lazy can you get?"
—From Death by Black Hole

7. ON DEATH BY ASTEROID

"On Friday the 13th, April 2029, an asteroid large enough to fill the Rose Bowl as though it were an egg cup will fly so close to Earth that it will dip below the altitude of our communication satellites. We did not name this asteroid Bambi. Instead, we named it Apophis, after the Egyptian god of darkness and death."
—From Space Chronicles

8. ON THE MOTIVATIONS BEHIND AMERICA'S MOONSHOT

"[L]et us not fool ourselves into thinking we went to the Moon because we are pioneers, or discoverers, or adventurers. We went to the Moon because it was the militaristically expedient thing to do."
—From The Sky Is Not the Limit

9. ON INTELLIGENT LIFE (OR THE LACK THEREOF)

Perhaps we've never been visited by aliens because they have looked upon Earth and decided there's no sign of intelligent life.
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/n/neildegras615117.html
Perhaps we've never been visited by aliens because they have looked upon Earth and decided there's no sign of intelligent life.
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/n/neildegras615117.html

"Perhaps we've never been visited by aliens because they have looked upon Earth and decided there's no sign of intelligent life."

10. PRACTICAL ADVICE IN THE EVENT OF ALIEN CONTACT 

A still from Steven Spielberg's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
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"[I]f an alien lands on your front lawn and extends an appendage as a gesture of greeting, before you get friendly, toss it an eightball. If the appendage explodes, then the alien was probably made of antimatter. If not, then you can proceed to take it to your leader."
—From Death by Black Hole
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40 Fun Facts About Sesame Street
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Now in its 47th season, Sesame Street is one of television's most iconic programs—and it's not just for kids. We're big fans of the Street, and to prove it, here are some of our favorite Sesame facts from previous stories and our Amazing Fact Generator.

Sesame Workshop

1. Oscar the Grouch used to be orange. Jim Henson decided to make him green before season two.

2. How did Oscar explain the color change? He said he went on vacation to the very damp Swamp Mushy Muddy and turned green overnight.

3. During a 2004 episode, Cookie Monster said that before he started eating cookies, his name was Sid.

4. In 1980, C-3PO and R2-D2 visited Sesame Street. They played games, sang songs, and R2-D2 fell in love with a fire hydrant.

5. Mr. Snuffleupagus has a first name—Aloysius

6. Ralph Nader stopped by in 1988 and sang "a consumer advocate is a person in your neighborhood."

7. Caroll Spinney said he based Oscar's voice on a cab driver from the Bronx who brought him to the audition.

8. In 1970, Ernie reached #16 on the Billboard Hot 100 with the timeless hit "Rubber Duckie."

9. One of Count von Count's lady friends is Countess von Backwards, who's also obsessed with counting but likes to do it backwards.

10. Sesame Street made its Afghanistan debut in 2011 with Baghch-e-Simsim (Sesame Garden). Big Bird, Grover and Elmo are involved.

11. According to Muppet Wiki, Oscar the Grouch and Count von Count were minimized on Baghch-e-Simsim "due to cultural taboos against trash and vampirism."

12. Before Giancarlo Esposito was Breaking Bad's super intense Gus Fring, he played Big Bird's camp counselor Mickey in 1982.

13. Thankfully, those episodes are available on YouTube.

14. How big is Big Bird? 8'2". (Pictured with First Lady Pat Nixon.)

15. In 2002, the South African version (Takalani Sesame) added an HIV-positive Muppet named Kami.

16. Six Republicans on the House Commerce Committee wrote a letter to PBS president Pat Mitchell warning that Kami was not appropriate for American children, and reminded Mitchell that their committee controlled PBS' funding.

17. Sesame Street's resident game show host Guy Smiley was using a pseudonym. His real name was Bernie Liederkrantz.

18. Bert and Ernie have been getting questioned about their sexuality for years. Ernie himself, as performed by Steve Whitmere, has weighed in: “All that stuff about me and Bert? It’s not true. We’re both very happy, but we’re not gay,”

19. A few years later, Bert (as performed by Eric Jacobson) answered the same question by saying, “No, no. In fact, sometimes we are not even friends; he can be a pain in the neck.”

20. In the first season, both Superman and Batman appeared in short cartoons produced by Filmation. In one clip, Batman told Bert and Ernie to stop arguing and take turns choosing what’s on TV.

21. In another segment, Superman battled a giant chimp.

22. Telly was originally "Television Monster," a TV-obsessed Muppet whose eyes whirled around as he watched.

23. According to Sesame Workshop, Elmo is the only non-human to testify before Congress.

24. He lobbied for more funding for music education, so that "when Elmo goes to school, there will be the instruments to play."

25. In the early 1990s, soon after Jim Henson’s passing, a rumor circulated that Ernie would be killed off in order to teach children about death, as they'd done with Mr. Hooper.

26. According to Snopes, the rumor may have spread thanks to New Hampshire college student, Michael Tabor, who convinced his graduating class to wear “Save Ernie” beanies and sign a petition to persuade Sesame Workshop to let Ernie live.

27. By the time Tabor was corrected, the newspapers had already picked up the story.

28. Sesame Street’s Executive Producer Carol-Lynn Parente joined Sesame Workshop as a production assistant and has worked her way to the top.

29. Originally, Count von Count was more sinister. He could hypnotize and stun people.

30. According to Sesame Workshop, all Sesame Street's main Muppets have four fingers except Cookie Monster, who has five.

31. The episode with Mr. Hooper's funeral aired on Thanksgiving Day in 1983. That date was chosen because families were more likely to be together at that time, in case kids had questions or needed emotional support.

32. Mr. Hooper’s first name was Harold.

33. Big Bird sang "Bein' Green" at Jim Henson's memorial service.

34. As Chris Higgins put it, the performance was "devastating."

35. Oscar's Israeli counterpart is Moishe Oofnik, whose last name means “grouch” in Hebrew.

36. Nigeria's version of Cookie Monster eats yams. His catchphrase: "ME WANT YAM!"

37. Sesame's Roosevelt Franklin ran a school, where he spoke in scat and taught about Africa. Some parents hated him, so in 1975 he got the boot, only to inspire Gob Bluth’s racist puppet Franklin on Arrested Development 28 years later.

38. Our good friend and contributor Eddie Deezen was the voice of Donnie Dodo in the 1985 classic Follow That Bird.

39. Cookie Monster evolved from The Wheel-Stealer—a snack-pilfering puppet Jim Henson created to promote Wheels, Crowns and Flutes in the 1960s.

40. This puppet later was seen eating a computer in an IBM training film and on The Ed Sullivan Show.

Thanks to Stacy Conradt, Joe Hennes, Drew Toal, and Chris Higgins for their previous Sesame coverage!

An earlier version of this article appeared in 2012.

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