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60 Springsteen Facts for Bruce's 60th Birthday

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I've said before that I love Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band the same way a dog loves its master: unconditionally, and with the sort of enthusiasm that makes gratuitous slobbering forgivable, and today, Mr. Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen "“ The Boss, the patron saint of the working man, the protector of all that is holy and righteous on E Street "“ turns 60. To celebrate Bruce's big day, here are 60 things you need to know about/reasons to love Bruce and the rest of the E Street Band.


1. Bruce has fans in high places. Barack Obama has said that there are "a handful of people who enter into your lives through their music and tell the American people's story. Bruce Springsteen is one of those people." He's also said that he ran for President because he couldn't be Bruce Springsteen.

2. Another fan was the late Joe Strummer. The Clash frontman was asked about the Boss for a TV documentary in mid-90s and he responded with a fax that said, among other things, "Bruce is great"¦if you don't agree with that, you're a pretentious Martian from Venus" and "The DJ puts on "˜Racing in the Streets' and life seems worth living again."

3. Dr. Ruth Westheimer once visited Bruce backstage at a show. She told him she liked what he said in his songs about love and sex, but she wished he'd mention contraception once in a while.

4. The late Warren Zevon was also Bruce's friend, fan and collaborator. When Zevon was diagnosed with mesothelioma, he refused any treatment he thought would incapacitate him and headed to the studio—with plenty of friends in tow—to record his final album, The Wind. Springsteen provided background vocals and electric guitar for two songs, one of which won the Grammy for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group With Vocal. Springsteen later appeared on a tribute album to Zevon, performing his song "My Ride's Here."

5. Bruce had a bit of a hard time in school. When he was in third grade, a nun stuffed him into a garbage can under her desk, claiming that's "where he belonged." Years later, at Ocean County College, legend has it that his fellow students petitioned the administration to have him expelled.

6. Of course, he had his fans, too. Some of the girls in his high school approached the administration with a petition demanding that Bruce's band at the time, the Castiles, be given more attention and respect.

7. When the Springsteens were living in Freehold, New Jersey, their house was near a Nestle's factory. When the wind was just right, Bruce has said, he could smell chocolate all day long.

8. The first song a young Bruce learned play on the guitar was the Beatles' "Twist and Shout."

9. There really is an E Street. It runs northeast through the New Jersey shore town of Belmar. According to Springsteen lore, the band took its name from the street because original keyboard player David Sancious' mother lived there and allowed the band to rehearse in her house.

e-street

10. The titular avenue of "Tenth Avenue Freeze Out" is also in Belmar. [Image courtesy of NJ.com.]

11. "Tenth Avenue Freeze Out" was guitarist Steven Van Zandt's debut with the E Street Band. He came up with the idea for the horn intro and became the de facto arranger when he sang the line for the horn section.

12. The working title of Darkness on the Edge of Town was American Madness, also the title of a 1932 Frank Capra movie. Early copies of the album were mistakenly released inside covers for Barbra Streisand's Songbird.

13. In 1979, Bruce saw the Ramones play at the Fast Lane in Asbury Park, New Jersey. He met the band and Joey Ramone asked Bruce to write a song for them. Springsteen wrote "Hungry Heart" and considered giving it to them, but hung on to it at the urging of his manager.

14. The first place Springsteen saw his first-wife-to-be, Julianne Phillips? One of .38 Special's music videos.

15. This exchange from Bill Simmons' column on ESPN.com is simply brilliant:

Q: My favorite YouTube clip is the Boss' greatest TV performance: his surprise duet with the Wallflowers at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards. Keep in mind, the VMAs had grown tiresome by the mid-'90s and Bruce had sort of slipped into irrelevancy with passable acoustic albums like Tom Joad. The situation was ripe for "sad former rock star shows up and creeps everyone out" potential (which did happen a few years later with Axl Rose.)

But Bruce comes out looking leaner and meaner than he had in years, complete with bad-ass goatee and leather jacket, and snatches "One Headlight" right out of Jakob Dylan's feeble hands. He nails a great guitar solo, makes tons of great Bruce faces and even turns in the classic sharing-vocals-at-the-same-mic-stand move. You're literally watching Bruce rediscover his ability to rock as the song goes on. It's like Elvis' 1968 comeback special. Watching this live with my college buddies at the time, I predicted a Bruce creative surge, which actually happened in the late-'90s, peaking with his reunion with The E Street Band and what is still the only artistically valid musical statement about 9/11: The Rising.

So, it begs the question: what would be the sports equivalent? You'd need a superstar, returning after a notable absence, who makes a comeback and rediscovers his "love of the game," and in the process, mortally wounds or breaks the spirit of an up-and-coming star with a great pedigree, right?
--M. Drury, Hoboken, N.J.

A: "¦I actually remember watching that live, seeing Bruce and saying, "I'm not getting my hopes up, but he looks pretty damned good," then watching in disbelief as he completely blew Dylan off the stage....Before we get to the answer, I wanted to point out a couple of things before you dive into the video:

1. The Wallflowers were flying pretty high at the time (looking back, you could even make the case that they were the most underrated mainstream band from the latter half of the '90s), and it's quite possible that Bruce completely derailed young Jakob, who already had enough of an uphill battle as Bob Dylan's son before another music legend hijacked his signature song as he was standing right there. I always thought the Wallflowers should have been bigger than they were. What would have happened if Bruce didn't agree to play the '97 VMAs? We may never know.

2. There's nothing funnier than Bruce creeping over to someone else's microphone, then overpowering the other guy as spit flies everywhere. (I'm convinced this is why Little Stevie initially left the E Street Band, he just couldn't take it anymore.) I always thought this would be a good SNL skit -- just Bruce walking around and randomly hijacking somebody else's microphone in various places (a street performer in a subway station, Michael Buffer doing "Let's get ready to rummmmble," a stewardess giving the pre-flight instructions, and so on).

3. "One Headlight" couldn't have been more in Bruce's wheelhouse. One of the best examples of a song that would have been twice as good if the band had just given it to the Boss from Day 1 and said, "Look, this could be a hit for us, but it's a potential Hall of Fame song for you, you have it." Some other examples: "See a Little Light" by Bob Mould; "Taillights Fade" by Buffalo Tom (and just for the record, I absolutely love those guys, but that would have been a top-five Bruce song); "Way Down Now" by World Party; "Rain King" by Counting Crows; "Expresso Love" by Dire Straits; the theme to "Beautiful Girls"; "Turn the Page" by Bob Seger; and my personal favorites, "Santa Monica" and "You Make Me Feel Like A Whore" by Everclear. Bruce also would have done much better with "I Am Mine" than Pearl Jam did because Eddie Vedder mailed in that entire album during his "I don't want to be famous anymore" stage. But this should be Bruce's next album: "Songs I Should Have Sung."

4. So what's the sports equivalent of Bruce blowing Dylan off the stage? I was leaning toward MJ and the Bulls sweeping the Magic in the '96 playoffs, with the post-baseball MJ as Bruce and Nick Anderson (already reeling after blowing those four freebies in the '95 Finals) as Jakob Dylan. But I like this example better: Jack Nicklaus roaring from behind to win the '86 Masters, with Greg Norman and Seve Ballesteros (both of whom choked down the stretch) combining for the Dylan role. Remember, Norman was considered Nicklaus' heir apparent at the time, and everyone thought Seve was going to become the dominant golfer of that decade; they ended winning three more majors combined and that's it. Plus, the Nicklaus/Springsteen parallels are almost perfect, right down to their popularity, their respective résumés and the similar points of their careers at the time of the events. That seems like the logical choice to me.

16. With the sole exception of 1995's The Ghost of Tom Joad, all of Bruce's albums since 1975's Born to Run have been in the Top 5 of the US Album Chart.

17. Springsteen lore has it that Bruce was once spotted in a movie theater watching Woody Allen's Stardust Memories (which comments on artist/fan relations). The fan who saw him challenged Bruce to prove he didn't regard his own fans with the contempt as the Allen stand-in in the movie by coming to meet his mom and have dinner. Bruce did so and supposedly still visits the fan's mother every time he's in St Louis.

18. There's a fantastic bootleg community within the larger world of Bruce fans. The most notable sources for such bootlegs probably being Jungleland and The Bruce Springsteen mp3 Bootleg Index. Amid the studio outtakes and concert boots, there's also some really neat fan-made compilations at the Bootleg Index. Want a collection of great performances of "Thunder Road" spanning 25 years? Praise the superfans, it's there.

19. When Bruce tells us that "they blew up the Chicken Man in Philly last night" in "Atlantic City," he's referring to Phil Testa, the underboss of the Philadelphia crime family under Angelo Bruno. Bruno was killed in 1980, and Testa, who got his nickname from his involvement in a poultry business, succeeded him as don of the family. His nine-month reign ended when conspirators in the family placed a nail bomb under his porch and detonated it when he walked out the front door.

20. After a 1976 concert in Memphis, a most certainly inebriated Springsteen went to Graceland at three in the morning, jumped the wall, and ran to the front door. Security grabbed him before he could make it to the door and sent him packing. Knocking wouldn't have done much good, anyway. Elvis was in Lake Tahoe at the time.

21. According to Frank Stefanko, a photographer and friend of Bruce, Springsteen is a pretty good photographer and enjoys taking pictures of "weird Jersey billboards [and] funny signs on the sides of diners."

22. When Bruce decided to dissolve the E Street Band in 1989, he gave each member $2 million in severance pay.

23. In December 1999, the crew of the Space Shuttle Discovery was woken up with Bruce's song "Rendezvous" on the day they were scheduled to rendezvous with the Hubble Space Telescope.

24. In May 1977, Bruce and Steve Van Zandt went to an Elvis Presley concert in Philadelphia. A few days later Bruce wrote "Fire," and allegedly sent a demo of the song to Presley that summer, hoping he might cover it. Whether the tape got sent or not, Presley died that August and Bruce wound up giving "Fire" to Robert Gordon. Gordon's version of the song was covered by the The Pointer Sisters who made it a hit in 1979.

25. The Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts in Philadelphia, where Ben Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanack and Frederick Douglass' diaries have been preserved, recently prepared some Springsteen-abilia—including dozens of notebooks containing everything from lyrics to tour information and a to-do list that lists "extra garage door openers"—for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum exhibit "From Asbury Park to the Promised Land: The Life and Music of Bruce Springsteen." Best item: an orange composition book with lines on the cover for the owner to fill in a name, address, and subject. The spaces read: "Bossinheimer Jones / Cool Street / Your Mama."

26. There's more Springsteen ephemera at the Asbury Park Public Library, which houses the Bruce Springsteen Special Collection, possibly the world's largest collection devoted to the Boss and his bands. The collection—which is open by appointment to the public—includes some 10,000 books, magazines, fanzines, web articles, newspaper articles, academic journals and papers, comic books, song books, tourbooks, etc., with items from 42 different countries dating as far back as 1964.

27. When then-CBS President Clive Davis heard the ten tracks slated for Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J., he didn't think the album had a hit single on it. Springsteen went back to work and composed two more songs with more commercial potential, "Blinded by the Light" and "Spirit in the Night." Problems arose when keyboard player David Sancious and bassist Gary Tallent weren't able to return to the studio to record the new songs. On top of that, Bruce wanted to incorporate saxophone into both songs, but didn't have a sax player. He got in touch with Clarence Clemons, who came to the studio for a session. The two songs were recorded with the one-off lineup of Clemons on sax, Vini "Mad Dog" Lopez on drums and Springsteen on everything else (except the piano on "Blinded," which was played by Harold Wheeler).

28. The title for "Kitty's Back," from The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle was inspired by a neon sign Springsteen saw promoting the return of popular stripper a Jersey Shore club.

29. The song "Thundercrack," which appears on Tracks, was regularly performed live from 1972 until drummer Vini Lopez left the band amid controversy in "˜74. When Springsteen was finishing the overdubbing and mixing for Tracks in 1998, he brought Lopez to record in order to keep the song's gang vocals true to the song's original intention.

68-south-st30. According to local legend, a fan bought the screen door of the house at 68 South St. (left side of this duplex) in Freehold, NJ—a house Springsteen had once lived in—from the homeowner in the early '80, thinking it was the screen door mentioned in "Thunder Road." [Image courtesy of brucebase.org.uk.]


31. Bruce's then-wife Julianne Phillips and then-wife-to-be Patti Scialfa both appear in the music video "Glory Days." Awkward.


32. In November 1996, Bruce played a benefit concert in the gymnasium of his former grade school, the St. Rose of Lima School in Freehold, NJ. Only Freehold residents were allowed to purchase tickets.

33. In September 2005, "Glory Days: A Bruce Springsteen Symposium" drew a crowd of 330 educators, journalists, historians, musicologists, and fans to hear over 100 presentations on Springsteen scholarship. This weekend, another symposium will take place at Monmouth University and include a tribute to Danny Federici and presentations like "Springsteen: The Road to Resilience in Hard Times," "Born (Again) in the USA: The Age of Springsteen," "Springsteen and Social Consciousness Panel," "Songwriters By The Sea" and "Ten Years Burning Down the Road: Bruce Springsteen in the 21st Century."

34. Thanks to the Boss, the Stone Pony is one of the most famous nightclubs in the world. It's so closely associated with Bruce that you might think he got his start at there, but the club only opened in 1974, when Springsteen already had two albums out.

35. Springsteen has taken the stage at the Stone Pony some 90 times, but except for private charity shows in the last few years, these appearances are rarely billed as his gig and most are just guest appearances at other artists' shows.

36. He has a comet named after him.

maries

37. Madam Marie, the fortune-teller in "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)," is as real as E Street. Marie Castello told fortunes on the Asbury Park boardwalk from 1932 until her death in 2008 at age 93. The fortune-telling booth is still there and is run by Madam Marie's family.

Phew"¦let's break from some videos, shall we?

38. In this wonderful bit of satire, Adolf Hitler is excited about traveling to Jersey to see his first Springsteen show. And then everything goes wrong.

39. One of my favorite things to do while listening to Bruce is overemphasizing the quirks of his speech: the "meehgic in the night" in "Thunder Road", the "hoo ha heh huh" in "Born to Run", the incomprehensible countups and countdowns in various songs. Ben Stiller apparently enjoys this, too.

40. As you might know, we here at the _floss are huge fans of the music on Sesame Street, from Stevie Wonder's brilliant performances, to "Mahna Mahna." Sesame Street has done two Bruce covers that I know of (if I missed any let me know): "Born to Add," a mashup of "Born to Run" and "Jungleland" sung by a character called Bruce Stringbean...

...and "Barn in the USA," which features Stringbean backed by the S Street Band.

41. Here's Weird Al having a bit of fun with the Boss, interrupting (improving?) the video for "Brilliant Disguise."

42. Bud Light's "Real Men of Genius" ads somehow never get around to paying tribute to Mr. Over-the-Top Springsteen Fan. Luckily, this parody fills in the gap.

43. Finally, here's one of my favorite Bruce performances: Thundercrack at the Convention Hall in Asbury Park, featuring the Max Weinberg 7.

And we're back!

asbury-park44. In 1972, Springsteen saw the "Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J." image in a boardwalk souvenir store. He bought it, brought it to Columbia Records and told them that was the title and image he wanted on his first album.


45. A line from the song "Night" on Born to Run goes "the circuit's lined and jammed with chromed invaders." The Circuit is a nickname for the drive around Kingsley Street and Ocean Avenue in Asbury Park.


46. The live debut of the E Street Band, with Max Weinberg on drums and Roy Bittan on piano, occurred in September 1974 at the Tower Theater in Upper Darby, PA. That show marked the first time that Springsteen earned $5,000 for a night's work.

47. When the band was recording, "Jungleland," the epic that closes Born to Run, it took 16 hours (with no bathroom breaks, at least according to Clemons) to work out and record Clarence Clemons' sax solo. When the Boss pointed this out to Clemons, he was surprised. He thought it had only been five.

48. According to Springsteen lore, Bruce first met Clarence "Big Man" Clemons while playing at a club in Asbury Park. It was a stormy night with strong winds and when Clemons opened the door to the club, it flew off its hinges. Springsteen likes to use the story as proof that Clemons, the E Street Band's personal Paul Bunyan, can blow the doors off any room he's in.

49. We're not the only people celebrating Bruce's birthday. If you live in Philadelphia, check out the World Café tonight for The Boss' Birthday Bash, featuring local musicians covering their favorite Bruce songs.

50. One might consider October 19, 1984, "the night Rosalita died." As far back as the song was written, almost every regular set at a Springsteen concert was closed with an extended version of "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)." But on that fateful night in Tacoma, Washington, Rosie was dropped from set list. Springsteen biographer Dave Marsh has said the song was to disrupt the expectation of ritual from the fans and remind them that the Boss was in charge.

51. Ernest "Boom" Carter doesn't have the same name recognition as some other E Streeters, but even if you're only a casual Bruce fan, you've heard his work. Carter's only performance with Springsteen was his drum track on "Born to Run." Carter's successor to the drum throne, Max Weinberg, has said that he could never reproduce Carter's drum parts in concert and eventually stopped trying.

52. Weinberg isn't a fan of Darkness on the Edge of Town because his performance on "Something in the Night" bothers him. Towards the end of the song, the band cuts out and Bruce starts singing over Max's drums. A few seconds into it, Max loses the beat and noticeably slows down the song.

53. Bruce inspires some pretty extreme acts of fandom (besides this post, I mean). Over the summer, JamsBio presented us with "No Retreat, No Surrender," a "worst-to-first countdown of every album cut in Springsteen history" plus some bonus songs. In all, they ranked and wrote about (sometimes at length) 200 songs. They ranked "Real Man" from Human Touch last and "Born to Run" first.

54. If you've ever read Stephen King's The Stand, you probably can't help but imagine Bruce as the character Larry Underwood. Well, King felt the same way, saying the in the foreword for the reissue of the novel that Springsteen, based solely on his music videos, would've been a perfect choice for the book's movie adaptation.

55. In 1984, a Houston radio station poked some fun at Springsteen's epic concerts by having early-morning deejays claim that the show Springsteen started the night before was still going on.

56. When Springsteen played near Washington, D.C., in 1988, Oliver North's secretary sent a note to Bruce backstage saying she'd like to meet him. His written reply was, allegedly, "I don't like you. I don't like your boss. I don't like what you did. Thank you."

57. Bruce and the E Street Band have toured and performed all over the world, but their strangest show might be the matinee they played Sing Sing prison in 1972, a set that featured plenty of R&B covers and Clarence Clemons singing Buddy Miles' "Them Changes."

Why We Love Bruce Springsteen

58. Rick Shea, fridaybrucefix: My friend Howard and I caught a handful of shows on the Reunion tour. One night, during the extended intro to "Tenth Avenue Freeze Out," Bruce was working the crowd into a sing along frenzy, making it clear that he would not kick the song into gear until HE decided the crowd was singing loudly enough. I turned to Howard and said "That man standing on the piano is in complete control of the building." He was.

One of the things I love about Bruce is his absolute mastery of his craft. I can't think of a better band leader and entertainer. He is entirely comfortable, at home, and happy on stage, in complete control of the building. His mastery comes out in his song selections and arrangements, in the emotional arc and pacing of his shows, and in his quarterbacking of his band. While he's a great vocalist and musician, his greatest talent may be his songwriting.

Bruce writes extraordinary songs to which we each connect in our own way. By writing so openly and honestly about his life, he encourages us to think about ours. Some songs act as mirrors through which I reflect on matters in my own life. Others are windows into issues and questions in other people's lives and in the world around me. His music and lyrics entertain and inspire me, and his songs continue to be great company on my life's journey.

Thanks Bruce, and happy 60th!

59. Peter Chianca, Blogness on the Edge of Town: "Why do you love Bruce Springsteen?" My initial response is wondering whether "love" is even the right word "“ admire and respect, yes, but love? He's not my wife, or a puppy. On the other hand, I do write a whole Springsteen blog, which some would say puts me in restraining order territory. So why is it?

I suppose it could be how he annoyed snooty grammarians the world over when he wished that "these Badlands start treating us good." Or how he's never once interrupted Taylor Swift on national television. Or that he's the rare artist who still actually has something to say, be it about 9/11, George Bush or mature relationships. (No offense, Fergie.)

Also, by playing raucous concerts while pushing 60, he makes us feel like there is hope for middle age, even if just standing through one of those concerts at age 40 makes my ankles hurt for three days. He can even inspire people with small children and ankle pain to actually go to a show that doesn't feature a Muppet or a guy in a dinosaur suit.

And he can make those same people feel like we did at 16, when music mattered and rock n' roll could set us free, and maybe even save the world. For that last reason alone, just having Bruce still out there gives some of us "“ OK, me "“ a little more faith in humanity. And if that's not worthy of a little love, I guess I don't know what is.

60. Matt Soniak: Some of my most vivid childhood memories involve driving home on summer nights from"¦somewhere "“ the amusement park, a backyard barbecue, wherever, there were a lot of nights like this "“ my mom and my brother would be asleep in the backseat and I'd be up front next to my dad, the Springsteen fanatic. We would, more often than not, be listening to Born to Run. I don't think I really had any interest in music at that age, and I really didn't get it, but I knew I liked that album. I liked the way the band essentially became one instrument on "She's the One," I liked the sound of the harmonica on "Thunder Road" and more than anything I liked the saxophone solo on "Born to Run." That sax made the hair on my arms stand straight up every time I heard it, and it still does today.

My father died one New Year's Eve almost a decade ago, so I never got a chance to really understand him or connect with him anymore than a stubborn teenager can connect with his equally stubborn father. I've had Born to Run this whole time, though, so I've been able to grasp that a little better. And because of his attachment to it, that album (and, really, all of Springsteen's music), has been the lens through which I've come to understand him—if only just a little bit.

"Born to Run" provides the occasional encouraging shove that my dad once gave me, a reminder that, no matter what sort of hell you find yourself in, there's open road in front of you and all you need to do is go. It may not be better than wherever it is you wind up, and the journey there may be just as awful, but Bruce has a way of making even the worst, most miserable moments in life sound so downright majestic. Good or bad, if that sax solo is the soundtrack to anything you do, you're lucky to have experienced it.

Happy Birthday, Bruce.

A special thanks to Rick and Peter for taking the time to gush talk about Bruce with us, and to Erica Palan, who contributed some E Street trivia.

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Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
May 21, 2017
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Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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8 Common Dog Behaviors, Decoded
May 25, 2017
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Dogs are a lot more complicated than we give them credit for. As a result, sometimes things get lost in translation. We’ve yet to invent a dog-to-English translator, but there are certain behaviors you can learn to read in order to better understand what your dog is trying to tell you. The more tuned-in you are to your dog’s emotions, the better you’ll be able to respond—whether that means giving her some space or welcoming a wet, slobbery kiss. 

1. What you’ll see: Your dog is standing with his legs and body relaxed and tail low. His ears are up, but not pointed forward. His mouth is slightly open, he’s panting lightly, and his tongue is loose. His eyes? Soft or maybe slightly squinty from getting his smile on.

What it means: “Hey there, friend!” Your pup is in a calm, relaxed state. He’s open to mingling, which means you can feel comfortable letting friends say hi.

2. What you’ll see: Your dog is standing with her body leaning forward. Her ears are erect and angled forward—or have at least perked up if they’re floppy—and her mouth is closed. Her tail might be sticking out horizontally or sticking straight up and wagging slightly.

What it means: “Hark! Who goes there?!” Something caught your pup’s attention and now she’s on high alert, trying to discern whether or not the person, animal, or situation is a threat. She’ll likely stay on guard until she feels safe or becomes distracted.

3. What you’ll see: Your dog is standing, leaning slightly forward. His body and legs are tense, and his hackles—those hairs along his back and neck—are raised. His tail is stiff and twitching, not swooping playfully. His mouth is open, teeth are exposed, and he may be snarling, snapping, or barking excessively.

What it means: “Don’t mess with me!” This dog is asserting his social dominance and letting others know that he might attack if they don’t defer accordingly. A dog in this stance could be either offensively aggressive or defensively aggressive. If you encounter a dog in this state, play it safe and back away slowly without making eye contact.

4. What you’ll see: As another dog approaches, your dog lies down on his back with his tail tucked in between his legs. His paws are tucked in too, his ears are flat, and he isn’t making direct eye contact with the other dog standing over him.

What it means: “I come in peace!” Your pooch is displaying signs of submission to a more dominant dog, conveying total surrender to avoid physical confrontation. Other, less obvious, signs of submission include ears that are flattened back against the head, an avoidance of eye contact, a tongue flick, and bared teeth. Yup—a dog might bare his teeth while still being submissive, but they’ll likely be clenched together, the lips opened horizontally rather than curled up to show the front canines. A submissive dog will also slink backward or inward rather than forward, which would indicate more aggressive behavior.

5. What you’ll see: Your dog is crouching with her back hunched, tail tucked, and the corner of her mouth pulled back with lips slightly curled. Her shoulders, or hackles, are raised and her ears are flattened. She’s avoiding eye contact.

What it means: “I’m scared, but will fight you if I have to.” This dog’s fight or flight instincts have been activated. It’s best to keep your distance from a dog in this emotional state because she could attack if she feels cornered.

6. What you’ll see: You’re staring at your dog, holding eye contact. Your dog looks away from you, tentatively looks back, then looks away again. After some time, he licks his chops and yawns.

What it means: “I don’t know what’s going on and it’s weirding me out.” Your dog doesn’t know what to make of the situation, but rather than nipping or barking, he’ll stick to behaviors he knows are OK, like yawning, licking his chops, or shaking as if he’s wet. You’ll want to intervene by removing whatever it is causing him discomfort—such as an overly grabby child—and giving him some space to relax.

7. What you’ll see: Your dog has her front paws bent and lowered onto the ground with her rear in the air. Her body is relaxed, loose, and wiggly, and her tail is up and wagging from side to side. She might also let out a high-pitched or impatient bark.

What it means: “What’s the hold up? Let’s play!” This classic stance, known to dog trainers and behaviorists as “the play bow,” is a sign she’s ready to let the good times roll. Get ready for a round of fetch or tug of war, or for a good long outing at the dog park.

8. What you’ll see: You’ve just gotten home from work and your dog rushes over. He can’t stop wiggling his backside, and he may even lower himself into a giant stretch, like he’s doing yoga.

What it means: “OhmygoshImsohappytoseeyou I love you so much you’re my best friend foreverandeverandever!!!!” This one’s easy: Your pup is overjoyed his BFF is back. That big stretch is something dogs don’t pull out for just anyone; they save that for the people they truly love. Show him you feel the same way with a good belly rub and a handful of his favorite treats.

The best way to say “I love you” in dog? A monthly subscription to BarkBox. Your favorite pup will get a package filled with treats, toys, and other good stuff (and in return, you’ll probably get lots of sloppy kisses). Visit BarkBox to learn more.

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