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5 Alternative Teaching Methods

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Traditional schools "“ with their lectures, homework, and report cards "“ aren't for everyone. Here are five alternative approaches to education.

1. Montessori

Dr. Maria Montessori, the first woman in Italy to earn her physician's degree, developed the educational model that bears her name while teaching a class of 50 poor students on the outskirts of Rome in 1907. Dr. Montessori, who previously worked with special needs students, rejected the notion that children were born as "blank slates." Rather, she believed that children were born with absorbent minds and were fully capable of self-directed learning. Montessori developed the framework for a prepared educational environment in which children, empowered with the freedom to choose how they would spend their time in school, would seek out opportunities to learn on their own. Her pioneering work formed the basis for the Montessori classroom, which endures primarily in preschool and elementary school settings today.


Montessori believed that children enjoyed and needed periods of long concentration and that the traditional education model, with its structured lessons and teacher-driven curriculum, inhibited a child's natural development. Montessori students are free to spend large blocks of the day however they choose, while the teacher, or director, observes. Dr. Montessori was a major proponent of tactile learning. Classic materials, such as the Pink Tower, Brown Stairs, and the Alphabet Box "“ a set of wooden letters that children are encouraged to hold and feel before learning to write "“ remain staples of Montessori classrooms.

Montessori classes typically span three-year age groups.

The lack of grades, tests, and other forms of formal assessment helps ensure that classes remain non-competitive. The first Montessori school in the United States was opened in Tarrytown, New York, in 1911. The New York Times described the school as follows: "Yet this is by no means a school for defective children or tubercular children or children who are anemic. The little pupils in the big sunny classroom at Tarrytown are normal, happy, healthy American children, little sons and daughters of well-to-do suburban residents." Today, the Montessori method is employed in roughly 5,000 schools in the U.S., including several hundred public schools. A 2006 study comparing outcomes of children at a public inner-city Montessori school with children who attended traditional schools provided evidence that Montessori education leads to children with better social and academic skills. Among the many celebrities who can attest to the value of a Montessori education are Google co-founders Sergey Brin and Lawrence Page.

2. Steiner/Waldorf

steiner.jpgIn addition to creating the field of anthroposophy, which is based on the belief that humans have the inherent wisdom to uncover the mysteries of the spiritual world, Austrian philosopher and scientist Rudolf Steiner developed an educational model that focused on the development of the "whole child" "“ body, soul, and spirit. Influenced by the likes of Goethe and Jean Piaget, Steiner believed there were three 7-year periods of child development, and his educational approach reflected what he thought should and should not be taught during each of these stages.


Steiner founded his first Waldorf school (the term Waldorf is now used interchangeably with Steiner to describe schools with curriculums based on Steiner's teachings) in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany, for children of workers at the Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory. The original curriculum spanned 12 years and aimed to prepare students "for living," with an emphasis on creative expression and social and spiritual values. Within 10 years, Steiner's school in Stuttgart was the largest private school in Germany. When the Nazis closed German schools during World War II, Waldorf teachers fled to other countries, contributing to the methodology's increased post-war popularity.

The curriculum that defines the Waldorf method has remained relatively unchanged in the last 90 years. Steiner believed the first 7 years of a child's life, a period marked by imitative and sensory-based learning, should be devoted to developing a child's noncognitive abilities. To that end, kindergartners in Waldorf schools are encouraged to play and interact with their environment instead of being taught academic content in a traditional setting. Steiner also believed that children should learn to write before they learned to read, and that no child should learn to read before the age of 7. From age 7-14, creativity and imagination are emphasized. During this stage, Waldorf school students may learn foreign languages, as well as eurythmy, an expressive dance developed by Steiner, and other performing arts. By age 14, students are ready for a more structured environment that stresses social responsibility.

Some critics of the Waldorf method argue that it borders on religion. According to the curriculum, students learn about Christian saints in second grade and Old Testament figures in third grade. Despite those concerns and the restricting demands of standardized testing, there are more than 800 schools that employ some variation of Steiner's teaching method throughout the world. Rudolf Steiner College, which was founded in 1974 in Fair Oaks, California, serves as the center for anthroposophical studies and the training ground for future generations of Waldorf teachers.

3. Harkness

harkness.jpgThe Harkness method isn't based on a specific curriculum or a particular ideology, but rather one important piece of furniture. Developed by oil magnate and philanthropist Edward Harkness, a large, oval table is the centerpiece of any classroom that employs the Harkness method of teaching. Students sit with their classmates and teacher around the table and discuss any and all subjects, from calculus to history, often in great detail. The Harkness method represents a significant departure from the traditional classroom setup of a teacher at a chalkboard lecturing to students seated in rows of desks. Individual opinions are formed, raised, rejected, and revised at the Harkness table, where the teacher's main responsibilities are to ensure that no one student dominates the discussion and to keep the students on point. No conversation is ever the same, which can help teachers avoid the burnout that might result from teaching the same lesson from year to year.

In 1930, Harkness gave a multi-million dollar donation to Phillips Exeter Academy, a private secondary school in New Hampshire, under the condition that the money be used to implement a new educational method that would involve all students in the learning process. Part of Harkness' endowment paid for the hiring of 26 new teachers, which enabled Exeter to shrink its average class size. This was imperative, as the Harkness method is most effective in classes of 15 students or less. "The classes are now small enough so that the shy or slow individual will not be submerged," Exeter principal Dr. Lewis Perry told the New York Times in the early years of the program. "The average boy, similarly, finds his needs cared for. In short, the Harkness harkness-table.jpgplan is best defined as an attitude. It is a new approach to the problem of getting at the individual boy." The method was effective from the start; Exeter reported a decrease in failing grades of 6 percent during the first three years of the Harkness approach.


The intimate setting of the Harkness table forces students to take responsibility for their own learning and encourages them to share their opinions. In addition to learning about topics being discussed, students also learn valuable public speaking skills and to be respectful of their fellow students' ideas. Studies have supported the method's effectiveness in increasing students' retention and recall of material. It takes time to delve into subjects using the Harkness method, which is one reason, in addition to class size limitations, that it hasn't become more popular in public schools.

4. Reggio Emilia

emilio.jpgReggio Emilia is an educational approach used primarily for teaching children aged 3 to 6. The method is named after the city in northern Italy where teacher Loris Malaguzzi founded a new approach to early childhood education after World War II. Malaguzzi's philosophy was based on the belief that children are competent, curious and confident individuals who can thrive in a self-guided learning environment where mutual respect between teacher and student is paramount. While the first Reggio Emilia preschool opened in 1945, the approach attracted a serious following in the United States in 1991 after Newsweek named the Diana preschool in Reggio Emilia among the best early childhood institutions in the world.

Reggio Emilia schools emphasize the importance of parents taking an active role in their child's early education. Classrooms are designed to look and feel like home and the curriculum is flexible, as there are no set lesson plans. Reggio Emilia stresses growth on the students' terms. Art supplies are an important component of any Reggio Emilia classroom and traditional schools have an atelierista, or art teacher, who works closely with the children on a variety of creative projects. Reggio Emilia teachers often keep extensive documentation of a child's development, including folders of artwork and notes about the stories behind each piece of art.

"It's about exploring the world together and supporting children's thinking rather than just giving them ready-made answers," said Louise Boyd Cadwell, who was an intern at two Reggio Emilia schools in Italy in the early '90s and then wrote a book about the teaching method. "Reggio Emilia is about full-blown human potential and how you support that in both intellectual and creative terms."

5. Sudbury

sudbury.jpgSudbury schools take their name from the Sudbury Valley School, which was founded in 1968 in Framingham, Massachusetts. Sudbury schools operate under the basic tenets of individuality and democracy and take both principles to extremes that are unrivaled in the education arena. In Sudbury schools, students have complete control over what and how they learn, as well as how they are evaluated, if at all. At the weekly School Meeting, students vote on everything from school rules and how to spend the budget to whether staff members should be rehired. Every student and staff member has a vote and all votes count equally.

The Sudbury philosophy is that students are capable of assuming a certain level of responsibility and of making sound decisions; in the event that they make poor decisions, learning comes in the form of dealing with the consequences. While many public and private schools are constantly looking for new ways to motivate students to learn, Sudbury schools don't bother. According to the Sudbury approach, students are inherently motivated to learn. One Sudbury educator uses the example of an infant who learns to walk despite the fact that lying in a crib is a viable "“ and easier "“ alternative as support of this belief.

Sudbury schools, which have some similarities with the "free schools" that gained popularity in the U.S. during the 1970s, do not divide students into different classes by age. Students regularly engage in collaborative learning, with the older students often mentoring the younger students. Annual tuition for the Sudbury Valley School, which welcomes students as young as 4 years old, is $6,450 for the first child in a family to attend the school.

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10 Witty Facts About The Marx Brothers
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Talented as individuals and magnificent as a team, the Marx Brothers conquered every medium from the vaudeville stage to the silver screen. Today, we’re tipping our hats (and tooting our horns) to Groucho, Harpo, Chico, Zeppo, and Gummo—on the 50th anniversary of Groucho's passing.

1. A RUNAWAY MULE INSPIRED THEM TO TAKE A STAB AT COMEDY.

Julius, Milton, and Arthur Marx originally aspired to be professional singers. In 1907, the boys joined a group called “The Three Nightingales.” Managed by their mother, Minnie, the ensemble performed covers of popular songs in theaters all over the country. As Nightingales, the brothers enjoyed some moderate success, but they might never have found their true calling if it weren’t for an unruly equid. During a 1907 gig at the Nacogdoches Opera House in East Texas, someone interrupted the performance by barging in and shouting “Mule’s loose!” Immediately, the crowd raced out to watch the newly-liberated animal. Back inside, Julius seethed. Furious at having lost the spotlight, he skewered his audience upon their return. “The jackass is the finest flower of Tex-ass!” he shouted, among many other ad-libbed jabs. Rather than boo, the patrons roared with laughter. Word of his wit soon spread and demand for these Marx brothers grew.

2. THEY RECEIVED THEIR STAGE NAMES DURING A POKER GAME.

In May of 1914, the five Marxes were playing cards with standup comedian Art Fisher. Inspired by a popular comic strip character known as “Sherlocko the Monk,” he decided that the boys could use some new nicknames. Leonard’s was a no-brainer. Given his girl-crazy, “chick-chasing” lifestyle, Fisher dubbed him “Chicko” (later, this was shortened to “Chico”). Arthur loved playing the harp and thus became “Harpo.” An affinity for soft gumshoes earned Milton the alias “Gummo.” Finally, Julius was both cynical and often seen wearing a “grouch bag”—wherein he’d store small objects like marbles and candy—around his neck. Thus, “Groucho” was born. For the record, nobody knows how Herbert Marx came to be known as “Zeppo.”

3. GROUCHO WORE HIS TRADEMARK GREASEPAINT MUSTACHE BECAUSE HE HATED MORE REALISTIC MODELS.

Michael Ochs Archives/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Phony, glue-on facial hair can be a pain to remove and reapply, so Groucho would simply paint a ‘stache and some exaggerated eyebrows onto his face. However, the mustache he later rocked as the host of his famous quiz show You Bet Your Life was 100 percent real.

4. HARPO WAS A SELF-TAUGHT HARPIST.

Without any formal training (or the ability to read sheet music), the second-oldest Marx brother developed a unique style that he never stopped improving upon. “Dad really loved playing the harp, and he did it constantly,” his son, Bill Marx, wrote. “Maybe the first multi-tasker ever, he even had a harp in the bathroom so he could play when he sat on the toilet!”

5. THE VERY FIRST MARX BROTHERS MOVIE WAS NEVER RELEASED.

Financed by Groucho, Chico, Harpo, Zeppo, and a handful of other investors, Humor Risk was filmed in 1921. Accounts differ, but most scholars agree that the silent picture—which would have served as the family’s cinematic debut—never saw completion. Despite this, an early screening of the work-in-progress was reportedly held in the Bronx. When Humor Risk failed to impress there, production halted. By Marx Brothers standards, it would’ve been an unusual flick, with Harpo playing a heroic detective opposite a villainous Groucho character.

6. GUMMO AND ZEPPO BECAME TALENT AGENTS.

World War I forced Gummo to quit the stage. Following his return, the veteran decided that performing was no longer for him and instead started a raincoat business. Zeppo—the youngest brother—then assumed Gummo’s role as the troupe’s straight-talking foil. A brilliant businessman, Zeppo eventually break away to found the talent agency Zeppo Marx Inc., which grew into Hollywood’s third-largest, representing superstars like Clark Gable, Lucille Ball, and—of course—the other three Marx Brothers. Gummo, who joined the company in 1935, was charged with handling Groucho, Harpo, and Chico’s needs.

7. CHICO ONCE LAUNCHED A BIG BAND GROUP.

Chico took advantage of an extended break between Marx brothers movies to realize a lifelong dream. A few months before The Big Store hit cinemas in 1941, he co-founded the Chico Marx Orchestra: a swinging jazz band that lasted until July of 1943. Short-lived as the group was, however, it still managed to recruit some amazing talent—including singer/composer Mel Tormé, who would go on to help write the “The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire)” in 1945.

8. THEY TESTED OUT NEW MATERIAL FOR A NIGHT AT THE OPERA IN FRONT OF LIVE AUDIENCES.

With the script still being drafted, MGM made the inspired choice to let the brothers perform key scenes in such places as Seattle, Salt Lake City, and San Francisco. Once a given joke was made, the Marxes meticulously timed the ensuing laughter, which let them know exactly how much silence to leave after repeating the gag on film. According to Harpo, this had the added benefit of shortening A Night at the Opera’s production period. “We didn’t have to rehearse,” he explained. “[We just] got onto the set and let the cameras roll.”

9. GROUCHO TEMPORARILY HOSTED THE TONIGHT SHOW.

Jack Paar bid the job farewell on March 29, 1962. Months before their star’s departure, NBC offered Paar’s Tonight Show seat to Groucho, who had established himself as a razor-sharp, well-liked host during You Bet Your Life’s 14-year run. Though Marx turned the network down, he later served as a guest host for two weeks while Johnny Carson prepared to take over the gig. When Carson finally made his Tonight Show debut on October 1, it was Groucho who introduced him.

10. SPY MAGAZINE USED A MARX BROTHERS MOVIE TO PRANK U.S. CONGRESSMEN.

Duck Soup takes place in Freedonia, a fictional country over which the eccentric Rufus T. Firefly (Groucho) presides. In 1993, 60 years after the movie’s release, this imaginary nation made headlines by embarrassing some real-life politicians. Staffers from Spy got in touch with around 20 freshmen in the House of Representatives, asking some variation on the question “Do you approve of what we’re doing to stop ethnic cleansing in Freedonia?” A few lawmakers took the bait. Representative Corrine Brown (D-Florida) professed to approve of America’s presence in Freedonia, saying “I think all of those situations are very, very sad, and I just think we need to take action to assist the people.” Across the aisle, Steve Buyer (R-Indiana) concurred. “Yeah,” he said, “it’s a different situation than the Middle East.”

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Get This Weekend's Best Amazon Deals
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As a recurring feature, our team combs the Web and shares some amazing Amazon deals we’ve turned up. Here’s what caught our eye today, August 19.

Mental Floss has affiliate relationships with certain retailers, including Amazon, and may receive a small percentage of any sale. But we only get commission on items you buy and don’t return, so we’re only happy if you’re happy. Good luck deal hunting!

GADGETS, TOYS, AND MEDIA

Emoi Bluetooth Speaker, LED Multicolor Silicone Lamp, iPhone Wireless Portable Speaker w/ Enhanced Bass, Speakerphone, Romantic Music Night Light for Bedroom Baby Room, BPA-Free, APP Control.(H0017W) for $39.99 (list price $46.99)

Appmax IPhone 6 6S Flowing Liquid Case Swimming Magic Maze Transparent Hard 3d Liquid Case Cover Shell for Iphone 6 & Iphone 6S [4.7 Inch] (Blue Maze) for $5.88 (list price $9.99)

Desktop Cable Organizer and Cable Holder for Cable Management of USB Cables, Power Cords & Charging Cables - Bundled with 2 Bonus Cable Clip (Blue) for $12.87 (list price $19.98)

Distil Union Wally Junior - Slim, Secret Leather Wallet and Card Holder for Smartphones, the Only Leather Stick-On Wallet with Pull-Tab for $20.99 (list price $24.99)

Crosley CR7007A-MA Patriarch Turntable with Radio, CD Player and Aux-In (Mahogany) for $103.00 (list price $169.95)

Withings Activité Sapphire - Activity and Sleep Tracking Watch - Swiss-Made for $329.98 (list price $450.00)

Satechi Bluetooth Button Series (Media Button) for iPhone 7 Plus/7/6 Plus/6/5S/5C, iPad Pro/Air 2/Air/Mini/3/2/1, Samsung Galaxy S8/S7/S6,Note 4/Edge/Pro/Tab Pro, Google Nexus 9 and more for $29.99 (list price $39.99)

TaoTronics Bluetooth Headphones, Sweatproof Wireless In Ear Earbuds, Sports Magnetic Earphones with Built in Mic (IPX5 Splash Proof Rating, aptX Stereo, Up to 7 Hours of Talk Time, Ceramic Antenna) for $25.99 (list price $69.99)

Anker SoundCore 2 Portable Bluetooth Speaker with Better Bass, 24-Hour Playtime, 66ft Bluetooth Range, IPX5 Water Resistance & Built-in Mic — Dual-Driver Wireless Speaker for iPhone, Samsung etc for $33.59 (list price $89.99)

New Matter MOD-t Desktop 3D Printer | Built-In WiFi, Easy to Use, Safe and Quiet for $269.10 (list price $399.00)

Philips FLEX BT2000A/37 Wireless Portable Bluetooth Speaker (Blue/Green) for $23.64 (list price $39.99)

KITCHEN

Le Creuset Signature Iron Handle Skillet, 11-3/4-Inch, Cerise (Cherry Red) for $199.95 (list price $260.00)

Le Creuset Enamel-on-Steel Whistling 1-4/5-Quart Teakettle, Marseille Blue for $99.95 (list price $130.00)

Biobu [by Ekobo] Bambino Kid Set in Gift Box, Lime/Lagoon/Smoke/White for $22.99 (list price $25.00)

The Keyboard Waffle Iron for $54.75 (list price $69.99)

Sagaform 5016554 Spice/Herb Storage Bottles with Oak Stoppers for $24.95 (list price $27.00)

MatchaDNA Handcrafted Matcha Tea Bowl - White for $16.89 (list price $29.99)

Luxtea Glass Teapot 25oz with Stainless Steel Infuser and Lid for Blooming and Loose Leaf Tea (25oz) for $14.99 (list price $19.99)

Fred PIZZA PEDDLER Monkey Unicycle Pizza Wheel for $12.67 (list price $15.66)

Brilliant - Mason Jar Drink Dispenser with Stainless Steel Spigot and Cork Cover, 1 Gallon (4L) for $35.00 (list price $39.95)

Umbra Buddy Paper Towel Holder, Black for $19.99 (list price $25.00)

Curva Artisan Series Double Wall Beverage Glasses and Tumblers - Unique 8 oz Thermo Insulated Drinking Glasses, Set of 4 for $28.95 (list price $38.95)

Dinosaur Cookie Cutter Set - 3 Piece - T-Rex, Triceratops, and Stegosaurus – Ann Clark – US Tin Plated Steel for $7.99 (list price $9.49)

InterDesign Axis Over the Cabinet Kitchen Storage Organizer Basket for Aluminum Foil, Sandwich Bags, Cleaning Supplies - 2-Tier, Chrome for $13.29 (list price $17.99)

HOME

Umbra Trigg Hanging Planter Vase & Geometric Wall Decor Container - Great For Succulent Plants, Air Plant, Mini Cactus, Faux Plants and More, Concrete Resin/Copper (Set of 2) for $22.56 (list price $25.00)

Safavieh American Homes Collection Carrie Side Storage Side Table, Red for $101.69 (list price $122.20)

Vornado VFAN Vintage Air Circulator Fan, Vintage White for $99.81 (list price $119.99)

Bronze Dimmable Accent Table Lamp with 1 Vintage Edison Style Bulb, Plugin, Brooklyn Bulb Co. Hoyt Collection, Inset Switch, ETL Listed for $69.99 (list price $129.00)

Byredo - Burning Rose Candle for $68.24 (list price $95.00)

Honey-Can-Do SHO-02222 4-Tier Bamboo Entryway Organizer for $55.87 (list price $90.99)

Levpet 13-Gallon Touch-Free Trash Can, Stainless-Steel for $48.35 (list price $85.99)

Saganizer Hamper with Wheels Rolling Cart Heavy Duty Triple Laundry Organizer/Sorter, Chrome/White for $37.99 (list price $49.99)

EWEI'S HomeWares 3 Floating U Shelves, Espresso Finish for $15.99 (list price $20.50)

Jill Rosenwald by Surya POUF-48 Hand Made 100% Wool Tan 18" x 18" x 18" Pouf for $225.00 (list price $303.00)

Tosca Laundry Basket Size: 15.2" H x 16.3" W x 12.2" D for $50.64 (list price $53.33)

Deco 79 68135 Metal Bookend Pair for $28.42 (list price $57.00)

OFFICE, SCHOOL, AND CRAFTS

WCloud Desk Organizer Wood Office Supply Book Desktop Small Table Shelf Bamboo for $28.99 (list price $49.90)

mDesign Office and Desk Storage, File Folder and Notebook Organizer - Clear for $11.99 (list price $14.99)

Northbooks Notebook / Journal (5 Pack), 96 College Ruled Pages, Acid Free Sheets, 5x8 | Made In The USA for $26.37 (list price $39.99)

Exposed Bulb Accent Lamp, Mahogany Wood, Dimmable, E26, 60W, 120V, Plug-In, Includes Edison Filament Bulb, ETL Listed for $49.00 (list price $114.00)

Fred DESK DONUT Push Pin Holder for $12.99 (list price $14.99)

Tomons Wood Swing Arm Desk Lamp, Designer Table Lamp, Reading Lights, Study Lamp, Work Lamp, Office Lamp, Bedside Nightstand Lamp - Black for $29.99 (list price $39.99)

X-ACTO SchoolPro Classroom Electric Pencil Sharpener, Heavy Duty, Blue/Grey for $21.94 (list price $29.98)

Over the Door Magazine Storage Pockets, Wall Door Closet Hanging Storage bag organizer, (5 Pockets-Nature) for $7.99 (list price $8.99)

Officemate Binder Clips, Gold, Assorted Sizes, 30 Clips in Tub (31022) for $3.70 (list price $5.88)

Officemate Heavy Duty Magnets, Assorted Sizes and Colors, 30 per Tub (92501) for $9.78 (list price $15.79)

Swingline Paper Trimmer / Cutter, Guillotine, 12" Cut Length, 10 Sheets Capacity, ClassicCut Lite (9312) for $29.76 (list price $31.25)

Fountain Pen with Ink Refill Converter and Gift Box - Timeless Classics Collection - Executive Writing Signature Calligraphy Pens Set For Standard Cartridges (Chocolate Espresso Brown) for $39.97 (list price $59.99)

HEALTH AND BEAUTY

daisi Facial Cleansing Portable Travel Brush Set | Face Exfoliator for Softer Skin | Rechargeable Waterproof Facial Brush Removes Make-Up, Oil & Dead Skin | 3 Soft Non-Sonic Brushes | For Men & Women for $17.95 (list price $35.00)

Majestic Pure Therapeutic Melaleuca Alternifolia Tea Tree Oil With Dropper, 4 fl. Oz for $13.95 (list price $29.50)

Dukes Daily Age-Defying Facial Moisturizer Cream 4oz - Anti-Aging Lotion - Day/Night Face Wash Fuel for Men – All Organic for $19.99 (list price $45.00)

Facial Moisturizer, Organic and Natural Face Moisturizing Cream for Sensitive, Oily or Severely Dry Skin - Anti-Aging and Anti-Wrinkle, for Women and Men. By Christina Moss Naturals. for $25.99 (list price $39.99)

Kyoku For Men Exfoliating Facial Scrub | Kyoku For Men Face Scrub, A Gentle Acne Treatment For Men (3.4oz) for $12.14 (list price $18.00)

Activated Charcoal Teeth Whitening Toothpaste - Made in USA – REMOVES BAD BREATH and TOOTH STAINS - Best Natural Toothpaste for Herbal Decay Treatment - Mint flavor. for $10.00 (list price $19.99)

Keiby Citom Premium Nail Clipper Set of 10pcs with Leather Case - Professional Stainless Steel Grooming Kit Manicure & Pedicure Set for Travel for $14.98 (list price $29.99)

Antifungal Spirulina Body Scrub by Buena Skin | 100% Natural, Antibacterial with Green Algae, Dead Sea Salts and Vitamin E 12 oz. for $13.96 (list price $19.95)

Gentleman Jon Deluxe Wet Shave Kit | Includes 8 Items: Safety Razor, Badger Hair Brush, Shave Stand, Canvas & Leather Dopp Kit, Alum Block, Shave Soap, Stainless Steel Bowl and Astra Razor Blades for $75.00 (list price $95.00)

VAV 1875W Lightweight Negative Ions Hair Blow Dryer with Diffuser Concentrator Nozzle 2 Speed and 3 Heat Settings Cool shot button DC Motor Black for $35.99 (list price $98.99)

InterDesign Clarity Cosmetic Organizer for Vanity Cabinet to Hold Makeup, Beauty Products - 3 Drawer Slim, Clear for $21.99 (list price $23.99)

Bath Body Brush Boar Bristles Exfoliating Body Massager with Long Wooden Handle for Dry Brushing and Shower for $7.69 (list price $11.99)

OUTDOORS, GARDEN, AND SPORTS

SE CC4580 MilitaryLensatic/Prismatic Sighting Compass with Pouch for $7.90 (list price $14.95)

S-ZONE Canvas DSLR SLR Camera Shoulder Bag Backpack Rucksack Bag With Waterproof Rain Cover For Sony Canon Nikon Olympus for $39.99 (list price $58.99)

Hydration Backpack Tactical Rucksack Run-pack with 3 Liter/100 oz Reservoirs Water Bladder Bag for Hiking, Running, Camping, Climbing, Cycling, Walking, Hunting (Black) for $28.99 (list price $69.99)

Dependable Wiregate Hammock Carabiner Clips Made From Aircraft Grade 7075 Aluminum Alloy - 2 or 4 Pack Set- Great For Camping, Hammocks, Hiking & Backpacking- Lightweight - 4 Pack Green & Silver) for $16.90 (list price $21.90)

OZERO Garden Gloves, Deerskin Snug-fit Leather Work Glove with Touch Screen Fingertips - Sweat-absorbent & Light-Weight for Caring Pets/Yard/Automotive Work/Sports - Fit for Women & Men (Yellow,M) for $10.99 (list price $18.00)

Legit Camping - Double Hammock - Lightweight Parachute Portable Hammocks for Hiking , Travel , Backpacking , Beach , Yard . Gear Includes Nylon Straps & Steel Carabiners (Grey/Sea Green) for $27.95 (list price $49.97)

Coreal 35L Large Lightweight Collapsible Packable Travel Hiking Backpack Trekking Bag Red for $19.89 (list price $25.99)

MiniPresso GR Espresso Maker for $57.95 (list price $64.99)

AUTOSPOUT Straw Striker Chill, 10oz, Cherry Blossom for $10.39 (list price $15.99)

TOOLS

VeloChampion MLT10 Multi Tool for $14.95 (list price $19.95)

DeWalt DWHT51054 20 Oz. Rip Claw Hammer for $27.92 (list price $30.76)

Magnelex 22-in-1 Multitool with Attachable Bits and Sheath, Stainless Steel, Black for $19.90 (list price $59.90)

DEW Emergency Survival Kit Travel Outdoor Multifunctional Bracelet, Survival Gear Kit Paracord Bracelet with Fire Starter Scraper, Cutting Tool, Whistle, Compass (Green) for $4.99 (list price $14.99)

Southwire Tools & Equipment POUCH4 Leather Tool Pouch for $15.28 (list price $17.98)

Southwire Tools & Equipment 58993940 S5N1 5-in-1 Long Nose Multi-Tool Pliers, Black/Yellow for $20.56 (list price $32.81)

Dremel 8220-1/28 12-Volt Max Cordless Rotary Tool for $74.25 (list price $99.00)

Dremel 2200-01 Versa Flame Multi-Function Butane Torch for $39.00 (list price $42.99)

Plus Pen Style Compact Twiggy Scissors with Cover, White (34609) for $4.36 (list price $5.99)

Southwire Tools & Equipment SD12N1 12-In-1 Multi-Bit Screwdriver for $13.97 (list price $18.97)

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