The Quick 10: The Milwaukee Brewers

If you follow me on Twitter at all, you know that my wanderlust took me to Milwaukee this weekend. I know, you're like, "Milwaukee? Really? Yawwwwn." But I actually loved the town. People were really friendly, and wow, do they like their beer (maybe that's why they're so friendly). It's just about impossible to go anywhere in town without being reminded of the city's rich brewing history, whether you're visiting a historic Flemish Renaissance Revival mansion that just happened to belong to a guy named Pabst or watching a little Brewers baseball at Miller Park. Which, incidentally, is what the Quick 10 is about today.

pilots1. The Brew Crew wasn't always in Milwaukee. For the 1969 season only, the Brewers were known as the Seattle Pilots. After that season, Bud Selig, who was just an area car dealer at the time, bought them out and hauled them to the Midwest. See, Milwaukee was still stinging a little bit because the Braves had hightailed it out of town and headed to Atlanta - and Selig was still upset too. He had been a big stakeholder in the Milwaukee Braves and when they decided to pull up stakes, he made it his mission to get a major league team back in his hometown. He tried to get an expansion team, but when that didn't work, he bought out the fledgling Pilots. There's more to the story than that, of course, but that's the general idea.

barrel2. Their logo used to be the Beer Barrel Man, a mascot that has been around since the 1940s. There used to be a Minor League Milwaukee Brewers that used this guy "“ "Owgust" "“ and since Selig grew up watching this minor league team, he named his new team after the defunct minor league team and also adopted their mascot.
3. Beer Barrel Man is not to be confused with Bernie Brewer, the team's official mascot. Bernie's origins are pretty cool "“ back when the Brewers were new in town, elderly fan Milt Mason said he was going to sit on top of the scoreboard until game attendance topped 40,000. He was up there for more than a month before the goal was met with more than 44,000 fans, and Milt slid down on a rope when the game ended in a Brewers win. He died in 1973, which is when the Brewers officially adopted Bernie, the mascot who is somewhat styled after their famous fan. Bernie used to sit up in a little house and slid down into a big mug of beer every time the Brew Crew scored a home run, sort of repeating Milt's famous descent. He was retired for a few years, but fan demand brought Bernie back. He doesn't splash down into a giant stein these days, but he does have a big yellow slide he uses to celebrate homers.

4. Even though Bernie is the official mascot, there are some fans who might consider Brett Wurst, Stosh, Guido, Frankie Furter and Cinco (or Paco) pretty strong contenders for the title. The Sausage Race started out as a fun little animation to promote Klement Sausages, but the waddling wieners attracted quite the fan base. The 7'3" costumes were introduced sometime in 1994 and have been a staple at games ever since. The latest addition to the gang is Cinco/Paco, whom most fans refer to as Chorizo. And if you're betting on the sausages "“ not that we advocate that "“ your best bet is Frankie Furter. He's got the most wins under his bun. And if you need a laugh this afternoon, here are two ways to get one: the Sausage Bios on the Brewers website ("Polish Sausage came to Milwaukee after years of coaching high school cross-country") and a video of the race on Friday.

5. Mr. Baseball himself, Bob Uecker, has been associated with Milwaukee since he started watching the same minor league Brewers Bud Selig did. When he signed a professional contract, it was with the Milwaukee Braves, but he only stuck around there for a year. He bounced around to a few other teams before turning to broadcasting "“ and Milwaukee. He has called play-by-play for the Brewers Radio Network since 1971 and became much-beloved to the community: Milwaukee-based Miller Brewing hired him for a series of commercials in the "˜80s. These commercials are the reason there are apparently a section of seats at Miller Park called "Uecker Seats" which will give you an excellent view of nothing. Here's the ad:

Also, Uecker's trademark homerun call "“ "Get up, Get up, Get outta here "“ GONE!" will flash above Bernie Brewer's digs whenever the Brewers get a home run. Unfortunately, I witnessed no home runs on Friday.

stadium6. Before Miller Park, there was Milwaukee County Stadium. Hank Aaron hit his final home run at Milwaukee County Stadium. Although it was an impressive and advanced facility when it was built in 1951, by the "˜90s, it was looking pretty shabby. It didn't have the luxury boxes that other stadiums had, so it wasn't pulling in the same revenue. And since the weather in Milwaukee can be so unpredictable, it was sometimes hard to attract fans during the early spring and later fall because it was often too cold to sit outside for that long. Miller Park features a retractable roof, which can make the temperature up to 30 degrees warmer inside and has helped draw fans even in chilly weather. Coach fans would have recognized County Stadium as the fictional Orlando Breakers stadium where Hayden Fox coached "“ the series used shots of County for the show. And the movie Major League was shot at County as well, even though the movie was about the Cleveland Indians.

7. Miller Park is the only place you'll find Secret Stadium Sauce, which, by the way, is delicious. It was reportedly created at County Stadium in the "˜70s when the vendor there ran short on ketchup. He took the ketchup he had left and combined it with a bunch of other things he had around, including barbeque sauce and smoked syrup, and called it "Secret Stadium Sauce." It has been a favorite of Brew fans ever since, and Bob Costas calls a brat with Secret Stadium Sauce on it his favorite ballpark food.

8. If you're there during the seventh inning stretch, get ready to sing "The Beer Barrel Polka" along with "Take Me Out to the Ballgame." Milwaukeeans love their beer, and I love that Milwaukeeans love their beer.

logo9. The retro logo has been called one of the best designed logos in baseball. It's sort of like one of those optical illusions "“ it could look just like a baseball glove with a ball in it if you're not paying enough attention. But if you look a little more closely, you'll see the mitt is actually made up of a lowercase "M" and a "B." Clever, huh?
10. July 29, 2006, was called "Hispanic Appreciation Night," which is around the time Chorizo the sausage was introduced to the race lineup. But it also marked one of the only nights the Brewers have ever worn a name other than "Brewers" on their uniforms. That night, they went by "Cerveceros," the Spanish word for Brewers. The uniforms made another appearance for Hispanic Heritage Month last year. Other uniform changeups include wearing the old Milwaukee Braves logo when they play the Atlanta Braves and wearing the Milwaukee Bears logo to celebrate the Negro Leagues.

Live Smarter
Stop Your Snoring and Track Your Sleep With a Wi-Fi Smart Pillow

Everyone could use a better night's rest. The CDC says that only 66 percent of American adults get as much sleep as they should, so if you're spending plenty of time in bed but mostly tossing and turning (or trying to block out your partner's snores), it may be time to smarten up your sleep accessories. As TechCrunch reports, the ZEEQ Smart Pillow improves your sleeping schedule in a multitude of ways, whether you're looking to quiet your snores or need a soothing lullaby to rock you to sleep.

After a successful Kickstarter in 2016, the product is now on sale and ready to get you snoozing. If you're a snorer, the pillow has a microphone designed to listen to the sound of your snores and softly vibrate so that you shift positions to a quieter pose. Accelerometers in the pillow let the sleep tracker know how much you're moving around at night, allowing it to record your sleep stages. Then, you can hook the pillow up to your Amazon Echo or Google Home so that you can have your favorite smart assistant read out the pillow's analysis of your sleep quality and snoring levels the next morning.

The pillow is also equipped with eight different wireless speakers that turn it into an extra-personal musical experience. You can listen to soothing music while you fall asleep, either connecting the pillow to your Spotify or Apple Music account on your phone via Bluetooth or using the built-in relaxation programs. You can even use it to listen to podcasts without disturbing your partner. You can set a timer to turn the music off after a certain period so you don't wake up in the middle of the night still listening to Serial.

And when it's time to wake up, the pillow will analyze your movements to wake you during your lightest sleep stage, again keeping the noise of an alarm from disturbing your partner.

The downside? Suddenly your pillow is just another device with a battery that needs to charge. And forget about using it in a place without Wi-Fi.

The ZEEQ Smart Pillow currently costs $200.

[h/t TechCrunch]

15 Reasons You Should Appreciate Squirrels

Even if you live in a big city, you probably see wildlife on a regular basis. Namely, you're sure to run into a lot of squirrels, even in the densest urban areas. And if you happen to live on a college campus, well, you're probably overrun with them. While some people might view them as adorable, others see them as persistent pests bent on chewing on and nesting in everything in sight. But in honor of National Squirrel Appreciation Day, here are 15 reasons you should appreciate the savvy, amazing, bushy-tailed critters.


A flying squirrel soars through the air

In one study [PDF] of the tree-dwelling plantain squirrels that roam the campus of the National University of Singapore, squirrels were observed jumping almost 10 feet at a stretch. In another study with the eastern ground squirrel, one researcher observed a squirrel jumping more than 8 feet between a tree stump and a feeding platform, propelling itself 10 times the length of its body. Flying squirrels, obviously, can traverse much farther distances midair—the northern flying squirrel, for instance, can glide up to 295 feet [PDF].


A squirrel digs in a grassy field filled with fallen leaves.

In fact, they may be more organized than you are. A recent study found that eastern fox squirrels living on UC Berkeley's campus cache their nuts according to type. When given a mixture of walnuts, pecans, almonds, and hazelnuts, the squirrels took the time to hide each type of nut in a specific place. This method of "spatial chunking" may help them remember where the nuts are when they go to retrieve them later. Though the study wasn't able to determine this for sure, the study's results suggested that the squirrels may have been organizing their caches by even more subtle categories, like the size of the nuts.


Looking up a tree trunk at a squirrel climbing down

Tree squirrels are one of the most important animals around when it comes to planting forests. Though they may be careful about where they bury their acorns and other nuts, they still forget about quite a few of their caches (or at least neglect to retrieve them). When they do, those acorns often sprout, resulting in more trees—and eventually, yet more acorns for the squirrels.


A man holds a truffle up for the camera.

The squirrel digestive system also plays an important role in the survival of truffles. While above-ground mushrooms can spread their spores through the air, truffles grow below ground. Instead of relying on the air, they depend on hungry animals like squirrels to spread their spores to host plants elsewhere. The northern flying squirrel, found in forests across North America, depends largely on the buried fungi to make up its diet, and plays a major role in truffle propagation. The squirrels poop out the spores unharmed on the forest floor, allowing the fungi to take hold and form a symbiotic relationship with the tree roots it's dropped near.


A squirrel stands on the knot of a tree trunk looking down at the ground.

You may not be too impressed when you see a squirrel running down a tree, but they're actually accomplishing a major feat. Most animals can't climb vertically down head-first, but squirrel's back ankles can rotate 180°, turning their paws all the way around to grip the tree trunk as they descend.


A white squirrel in Olney, Illinois stands on its hind legs.

Squirrels are a more popular town mascot than you might think. Surprisingly, more than one town wants to be known as the "home of the white squirrel," including Kenton, Tennessee; Marionville, Missouri; the Canadian city of Exeter, Ontario; and Brevard, North Carolina, the location of the annual White Squirrel Festival. But Olney, Illinois may be the most intense about its high population of albino squirrels. There is a $750 fine for killing the all-white animals, and they have the legal right-of-way on roads. There's an official city count of the squirrels each year, and in 1997, realizing that local cats posed a threat to the beloved rodent residents, the city council banned residents from letting their cats run loose outdoors. In 2002, the city held a 100-Year White Squirrel Celebration, erecting a monument and holding a "squirrel blessing" by a priest. Police officers wore special squirrel-themed patches for the event.


An illustration of different regions of the brain lighting up in blue

Ground squirrels hibernate in the winter, and the way their brains function while they do may help scientists develop a new drug that can limit the brain damage caused by strokes. When ground squirrels hibernate, their core body temperature drops dramatically—in the case of the arctic ground squirrel, to as low as 26.7°F, possibly the lowest body temperature of any mammal on Earth. During this extra-cold hibernation, a squirrel's brain undergoes cellular changes that help its brain deal with reduced blood flow. Researchers are currently trying to develop a drug that could mimic that process in the human brain, preventing brain cells from dying when blood flow to the brain is cut off during a stroke.


A woman in a fur vest with a hood faces away from the camera and stares out over the water.

If you always warn your friends not to pet or feed squirrels because they can spread disease, put this story in your back pocket for later: They may have helped leprosy spread from Scandinavia to the UK in the 9th century. Research published in 2017 found a strain of leprosy similar to a modern variant found in squirrels in southern England in the skull of a woman who lived in England sometime between 885 and 1015 CE. The scientists suggest that the leprosy may have arrived along with Viking squirrel pelts. "It is possible that this strain of leprosy was proliferated in the South East of England by contact with highly prized squirrel pelt and meat, which was traded by the Vikings at the time this woman was alive," one of the authors told The Guardian. That may not be the most uplifting reason to appreciate squirrels, but it's hard not to admire their influence!


A squirrel runs across a power line.
Frederic J. Brown, AFP/Getty Images

While energy companies may worry about hackers disrupting the power grid, squirrels are actually far more powerful than cyber-whizzes when it comes to sabotaging our electricity supply. A website called Cyber Squirrel 1 documents every public record of squirrels and other animals disrupting power services dating back to 1987. It has counted more than 1100 squirrel-related outages across the world for that time period, which is no doubt a vast underestimate. In a 2016 survey of public power utilities, wildlife was the most common cause of power outages, and for most power companies, that tends to mean squirrels.


A ground squirrel sits with its mouth open.
David McNew, Getty Images

California ground squirrels have an interesting way of scaring off rattlesnakes. Like cats, their tails puff up when they go on the defense. A squirrel will wave its tail at a rattlesnake to convince the snake that it's a formidable opponent. Surprisingly, they whip their tails at their foes whether it's light or dark outside. Squirrels can control the blood flow to their tails to cool down or keep warm, and they use this to their advantage in a fight, pumping blood into their tails. Even if the rattlesnakes can't see the bushy tails, researchers found in 2007, they can sense the heat coming off them.


A squirrel runs down a tree trunk toward a pile of leaves.

Researchers look at tree squirrel populations to measure just how well a forest ecosystem is faring. Because they depend on their forest habitats for seeds, nesting sites, and food storage, the presence and demographics of tree squirrels in an area is a good bellwether for the health of a mature forest. Studying changes in squirrel populations can help experts determine the environmental impact of logging, fires, and other events that alter forest habitats [PDF].


A squirrel with a bushy tail stands on its hind legs.

Gray squirrels know how to deceive. They can engage in what's called "tactical deception," a behavior previously only seen in primates, as a study in 2008 found. When they think they're being watched by someone looking to pilfer their cache of food, the researchers discovered, they will pretend to dig a hole as if burying their acorn or nut, but tuck their snack into their mouth and go bury it elsewhere.


A man in a hat kisses a squirrel on the White House grounds
Harris & Ewing, Library of Congress // Public Domain

Though some states currently ban (or require permits for) keeping squirrels as pets, it was once commonplace. Warren G. Harding kept a squirrel named Pete who would sometimes show up to White House meetings and briefings, where members of Harding's cabinet would bring him nuts. But keeping a squirrel around wasn't just for world leaders—the rodent was the most popular pet in the country, according to Atlas Obscura. From the 1700s onwards, squirrels were a major fixture in the American pet landscape and were sold in pet shops. Despite Harding's love of Pete, by the time he lived in the White House in the 1920s, squirrel ownership was already on the wane, in part due to the rise of exotic animal laws.


A historical photo of nurses leaning down to feed a black squirrel
Library of Congress // Public Domain

The American cities of the 1800s weren't great places to catch a glimpse of wildlife, squirrels included. In fact, the animals were so rare that in the summer of 1856, when a gray squirrel escaped from its cage inside a downtown New York apartment building (where it was surely living as someone's pet), it merited a write-up in The New York Times. According to the paper, several hundred people gathered to gawk at the tree where the squirrel took refuge and try to coax the rodent down. In the end, a police officer had to force the crowd to disperse. The paper did not document what happened to the poor squirrel.


A boy doing homework with a squirrel on the table.
Hulton Archive, Getty Images

In the mid-1800s, seeking to return a little bit of nature to concrete jungles, cities began re-introducing squirrels to their urban parks. Squirrels provided a rare opportunity for city slickers to see wildlife, but they were also seen as a sort of moral compass for young boys. Observing and feeding urban squirrels was seen as a way to steer boys away from their "tendency toward cruelty," according to University of Pennsylvania historian Etienne Benson [PDF]. Boy Scouts founder Ernest Thompson Seton argued in a 1914 article that cities should introduce "missionary squirrels" to cities so that boys could befriend them. He and other advocates of urban squirrels "saw [them] as opportunities for boys to establish trusting, sympathetic, and paternalistic relationships with animal others," Benson writes.

But young boys weren't the only ones that were thought to benefit from a little squirrel-feeding time. When the animals were first reintroduced to parks in the 19th century, feeding squirrels was considered an act of charity—one accessible even to those people who didn't have the means of showing charity in other realms. "Because of the presence of urban squirrels, even the least powerful members of human society could demonstrate the virtue of charity and display their own moral worth," Benson writes. "Gray squirrels helped reshape the American urban park into a site for the performance of charity and compassion for the weak." Even if you were too poor to provide any sort of charity for someone else, you could at least give back to the squirrels.


A colored lithograph shows men and dogs hunting squirrels in a forest.
Currier and Ives, Library of Congress // Public Domain

Though notably absent from big cities, much of the U.S. was once overrun by squirrels. The large population of gray squirrels in early Ohio caused such widespread crop destruction that people were encouraged—nay, required—to hunt them. In 1807, the Ohio General Assembly demanded that citizens not just pay their regular taxes, but add a few squirrel carcasses on top. According to the Ohio History Connection, taxpayers had to submit a minimum of 10 squirrel scalps to the town clerk each year. Tennessee had similar laws, though that state would let people pay in dead crows if they couldn't rustle up enough squirrels.


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