Take Your Best $hot: 4 Average Joe Millionaires

Every night, unsuspecting basketball fans at arenas throughout the country are given a shot "“ or shots "“ at the adulation of thousands and promotional prizes ranging from gift certificates to new cars. More often than not, however, the shooting contests that have become staples of the in-game experience result in the athletically challenged contestant lobbing an air ball and being serenaded with boos by the home crowd. (This is especially true when a prize for everyone in attendance "“ say, a large, two-topping pizza "“ is on the line.) Here's a look at four fans who avoided the boos and capitalized on their 30 seconds of fame when the stakes were much, much higher.

2008: The Sawmill Worker

In February 2008, Chevrolet sponsored the Million Dollar Shootout during the first intermission of a regular season game at Vancouver's General Motors Place.

The Contestant: Darwin Head, a 35-year-old sawmill worker from Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, who was randomly chosen from 8.6 million online entries.

The Rules: Head had 24 seconds to shoot 20 pucks from the far blue line toward an empty net at the other end of the rink, a distance of 114 feet. To win the $1 million prize, he needed to put at least 15 pucks into the net.

The Result: The hours of practice Head put in on the outdoor rink near his home in the weeks leading up to the contest paid off, as the 15th puck crossed the goal line just before time expired. "I didn't think I was even close to 15," Head said afterward.

The Aftermath: Head has since left his job at Carrier Forest Products Ltd. to spend more time with his wife and three children. According to an article that appeared in December, he has managed to avoid the urge to go on a major spending spree. Some of his bigger purchases include a used truck and a few used slo-pitch bats for his softball team. Head said the best advice he received after winning the contest was, "Don't be stupid."

2005: The Mechanical Engineer

Apparently, if you want to improve your odds of winning $1 million, move to Canada. Wendy's sponsored its first Kick for a Million contest in 2005, selecting one lucky fan to attempt field goals of 20, 30, 40, and 50 yards during halftime of a regular season CFL game in Toronto.

wendys.jpgThe Contestant: Brian Diesbourg, a 25-year-old mechanical engineer and avid soccer player from Belle River, Ontario, who was randomly chosen from nearly 200,000 entries.

The Rules: Diesbourg was allowed a 30-minute practice session with the Toronto Argonauts kicker before the contest. The prize breakdown was as follows: make the 20-yard field goal, win $1,000; make the 30-yard field goal, win a digital imaging package; make the 40-yard field goal, win a home theater package; make the 50-yard field goal, win $1 million paid out in equal installments over 40 years. Diesbourg wasn't required to make the kicks from the shorter distances to be eligible for the $1 million prize.

The Result: Diesbourg provided some of the best evidence to date that icing the kicker doesn't actually work. With 600,000 television viewers tuned in, Diesbourg missed his attempts from 20, 30, and 40 yards before TSN went to a commercial break. When live coverage resumed, Diesbourg's kick from 50 yards sailed just over the crossbar and he was mobbed by Argonauts players. With the kick, Diesbourg joined an exclusive club of amateur kickers that includes Lance Alstodt and Dennis Crawford, who made $1 million field goals at consecutive Pro Bowls in 1996 and 1997.

The Aftermath: Some fans felt deceived when they learned that Wendy's wouldn't pay the winner in one lump-sum. But Diesbourg didn't particularly care. "I would rather it (be) this way because I can't spend it all already," Diesbourg said. Diesourg bought a 20-foot motor boat and paid off his 2002 Dodge Ram in the first year after the contest, but maintained his job at a firm that makes assembly-line robotics.

2004: The Used Car Lot Owner

As part of Taco Bell's Rapid Fire contest before the 2004 All-Star Game at Houston's Minute Maid Park, one lucky fan stepped to the pitcher's mound for a chance to win free Taco Bell for a year "“ and $1 million.

usedcar.jpgThe Contestant: Tom Gray, a 41-year-old used car lot owner from Houston, who attended the game with his family and was selected only after there was no one in the first randomly selected seat.

The Rules: Throw as many baseballs as possible from the pitcher's mound through a 24-inch-by-24-inch target at home plate. Prizes of increasing value were awarded for each successful toss. One pitch through the target would earn Gray free Taco Bell for a year; five pitches through the target would earn him $1 million.

The Result: Gray channeled Hall of Fame pitcher Nolan Ryan, who stood beside him on the mound and celebrated wildly after Gray heeded the advice of his son Matthew "“ "Point at the target" "“ and coolly tossed five baseballs through the small opening.

The Aftermath: "I have no idea how I did it," Gray said afterward. Neither did Tom Overton, the account manager for the Dallas-based promotions company that proposed the contest to Taco Bell. Overton had put the odds of a random fan winning the grand prize at greater than 100-to-1 and the insurance premium was set at $35,000. "I guess we've got a bunch of rubber-armed employees, because they couldn't do it," Overton told the San Diego Union-Tribune. "We had them try it over and over, and we thought it was worth the risk. You just go back to the office and say, "˜Well, we learned on that one. Pay the claim and move forward.' We got that one wrong, but I promise you, we won't next time."

1993: The Office Supply Salesman

During the 1993 season, Lettuce Entertain You restaurants and Coca-Cola sponsored a contest at Chicago Bulls games where a fan was selected to take a shot from the free throw line at the opposite end of the court for the chance to win $1 million.

harlem.jpgThe Contestant: Don Calhoun, a 23-year-old office supply salesman who was noticed by a team staffer because of his shoes. Calhoun was wearing gold suede hiking boots with rubber soles, which the staffer figured wouldn't scuff the court. Calhoun initially turned down the offer to participate in the contest, but reluctantly obliged after the staffer insisted.

The Rules: Make a 79-foot shot, win $1 million.

The Result: While Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen claimed to have been unable to make the shot in practice, and 17 of the 18 fans to participate in the promotion that season hadn't even managed to hit the rim, Calhoun's quarterback-style heave found the bottom of the net. The 18,000 fans in Chicago Stadium went crazy.

The Aftermath: The company that insured the promotion refused to pay the prize because Calhoun, who played 11 games at Triton Community College near Chicago, did not sign a waiver saying he had not played high school, college, or pro basketball for six years. The Bulls and the contest's sponsors agreed to pay Calhoun with or without the insurance company's support. "The fact is, he made a shot that nobody else could make, and he deserves it," Bulls owner Jerry Reinsdorf said. As part of his whirlwind tour after making the shot, which was dubbed the Immaculate Connection, Calhoun met President Bill Clinton and flew to New York to recreate the shot for Dateline. (It took him 54 attempts.) Calhoun eventually quit his job and signed a one-year contract with the Harlem Globetrotters. Two years later, he married his high school sweetheart and told a reporter in his hometown of Bloomington, Ind., that he dreamed of starting a production company focusing predominantly on material to motivate young people.

Dan Kitwood, Getty Images
25 Royals in the Line of Succession to the British Throne
Dan Kitwood, Getty Images
Dan Kitwood, Getty Images

Between the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge welcoming their third child on April 23, 2018 and Prince Harry's upcoming marriage to Suits star Meghan Markle in May, the line of succession to the British throne has become a topic of interest all over the world. And the truth is, it’s complicated. Though Queen Elizabeth II, who turned 92 years old on April 21, shows no signs of slowing down, here are the royals who could one day take her place on the throne—in one very specific order.


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As a direct result of his mother being the world's longest-reigning monarch, Prince Charles—the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip—is the longest serving heir to the throne; he became heir apparent in 1952, when his mother ascended to the throne.


Tolga Akmen - WPA Pool/Getty Images

At 35 years old, odds are good that Prince William, Duke of Cambridge—the eldest son of Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana—will ascend to the throne at some point in his lifetime.



On July 22, 2013, Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge welcomed their first child, Prince George of Cambridge, who jumped the line to step ahead of his uncle, Prince Harry, to become third in the line of succession.


Chris Jackson/Getty Images

On May 2, 2015, William and Catherine added another member to their growing brood: a daughter, Princess Charlotte of Cambridge. Though her parents just welcomed a bouncing baby boy, she will maintain the fourth-in-line position because of the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, which went into effect just a few weeks before her arrival, and removed a long-held rule which stated that any male sibling (regardless of birth order) would automatically move ahead of her.


 Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge depart the Lindo Wing with their newborn son at St Mary's Hospital on April 23, 2018 in London, England
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On April 23, 2018, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge welcomed their third child—a son, whose name has yet to be announced, but who has already pushed his uncle, Prince Harry, out of the fifth position in line to the throne.


Chris Jackson/Getty Images

As the second-born son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana, Prince Harry's place in the line is a regularly changing one. It changed earlier this week, when his brother William's third child arrived, and could change again if and when their family expands.


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Prince Andrew is a perfect example of life before the Succession to the Crown Act 2013: Though he’s the second-born son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, he’s actually their third child (Princess Anne came between him and Prince Charles). But because the rules gave preference to males, Prince Andrew would inherit the throne before his older sister.


Dimitrios Kambouris/Getty Images for WE

Because Prince Andrew and his ex-wife, Sarah, Duchess of York, had two daughters and no sons, none of that male-preference primogeniture stuff mattered in terms of their placement. But with each child her cousin Prince William has, Princess Beatrice moves farther away from the throne. If Beatrice looks familiar, it might be because of the headlines she made with the Dr. Seuss-like hat she wore to William and Catherine’s wedding. (The infamous topper later sold on eBay for more than $130,000, all of which went to charity.)


Princess Eugenie of York arrives in the parade ring during Royal Ascot 2017 at Ascot Racecourse on June 20, 2017 in Ascot, England
Chris Jackson/Getty Images

Though she’s regularly seen at royal events, Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson’s youngest daughter spends the bulk of her time indulging her interest in fine art. She has held several jobs in the art world, and is currently a director at Hauser & Wirth’s London gallery.


 Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex leaves after a visit to Prince Philip
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Like his older brother Andrew, Prince Edward—the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip—jumps the line ahead of his older sister, Princess Anne, because of the older rule that put males ahead of females.


 James, Viscount Severn, rides on the fun fair carousel on day 4 of the Royal Windsor Horse Show on May 11, 2013 in Windsor, England
Danny E. Martindale/Getty Images

James, Viscount Severn—the younger of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex and Sophie, Countess of Wessex’s two children, and their only son—turned 10 years old on December 17, 2017, and celebrated it as the 10th royal in line of succession. (The birth of the youngest Prince of Cambridge pushed him back a spot.)


Lady Louise Windsor during the annual Trooping the Colour Ceremony at Buckingham Palace on June 15, 2013 in London, England.
Chris Jackson/Getty Images

Because the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 wasn’t enacted until 2015, Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor—the older of Prince Edward’s two children—will always be just behind her brother in the line of succession.


Princess Anne, Princess Royal, visits the Hambleton Equine Clinic on October 10, 2017 in Stokesley, England
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Princess Anne, the Queen and Prince Philip’s second-born child and only daughter, may never rule over the throne in her lifetime, but at least she gets to be called “The Princess Royal.”


Peter Phillips poses for a photo on The Mall
John Nguyen - WPA Pool/Getty Images

The eldest child and only son of Princess Anne and her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips, stands just behind his mother in line. Interesting fact: Had Phillips’s wife, Autumn Kelly, not converted from Roman Catholicism to the Church of England before their marriage in 2008, Phillips would have lost his place in line.


Savannah Phillips attends a Christmas Day church service
Chris Jackson/Getty Images

On December 29, 2010, Peter and Autumn Phillips celebrated the birth of their first child, Savannah Anne Kathleen Phillips, who is also the Queen’s first great-grandchild. She’s currently 15th in line.


Princess Anne, Princess Royal, Isla Phillips and Peter Phillips attend a Christmas Day church service
Chris Jackson/Getty Images

Less than two years after Savannah, Peter and Autumn Phillips had a second daughter, Isla, who stands just behind her sister in line. It wasn’t until 2017 that Savannah and Isla made their Buckingham Palace balcony debut (in honor of their great-grandmother’s 91st birthday).


 Zara Tindall arrives for a reception at the Guildhall
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Not one to hide in the background, Zara Tindall—Princess Anne’s second child and only daughter—has lived much of her life in the spotlight. A celebrated equestrian, she won the Eventing World Championship in Aachen in 2006 and was voted BBC Sports Personality of the Year the same year (her mom earned the same title in 1971). She’s also Prince George’s godmother.


Mike Tindall, Zara Tindall and their daughter Mia Tindall pose for a photograph during day three of The Big Feastival at Alex James' Farm on August 28, 2016 in Kingham, Oxfordshire.
Tim P. Whitby/Getty Images

Zara Tindall’s daughter Mia may just be 4 years old, but she’s already regularly making headlines for her outgoing personality. And though she’s only 18th in line to the throne, her connection to the tippity top of the royal family is much closer: Prince William is her godfather.


David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon

David Armstrong-Jones, the eldest child of Princess Margaret, isn’t waiting around to see if the British crown ever lands on his head. The 56-year-old, who goes by David Linley in his professional life, has made a name for himself as a talented furniture-maker. His bespoke pieces, sold under the brand name Linley, can be purchased through his own boutiques as well as at Harrods.


Margarita Armstrong-Jones and Charles Patrick Inigo Armstrong-Jones
Chris Jackson-WPA Pool/Getty Images

David Armstrong-Jones’s only son, Charles, may be 20th in line to the throne, but the 18-year-old is the heir apparent to the Earldom of Snowdon.


Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (R) talks with Lady Margarita Armstrong-Jones (C) as her father David Armstrong-Jones (L), 2nd Earl of Snowdon, known as David Linley

Lady Margarita Armstrong-Jones, the youngest child of David Armstrong-Jones and his only daughter, is also the only granddaughter of Princess Margaret. Now 15 years old (she'll turn 16 in June), Lady Margarita made headlines around the world in 2011 when she served as a flower girl at the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton.


Lady Sarah Chatto, the daughter of Princess Margaret arrives for her mother's memorial service

Lady Sarah Chatto, Princess Margaret and Anthony Armstrong-Jones’s only daughter, is the youngest grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. In addition to serving as a bridesmaid to Princess Diana, she is Prince Harry’s godmother.


Lady Sarah Chatto (L) and her son Samuel Chatto (R) leave a Service of Thanksgiving for the life and work of Lord Snowdon at Westminster Abbey on April 7, 2017 in London, United Kingdom
Justin Tallis - WPA Pool /Getty Images

The first-born son of Lady Sarah Chatto and her husband, Daniel, has a long way to go to reach the throne: He’s currently 23rd in line.


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For better or worse, Sarah and Daniel Chatto’s youngest son Arthur has become a bit of a social media sensation. He's made headlines recently as he regularly posts selfies to Instagram—some of them on the eyebrow-raising side, at least as far as royals go.


Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester makes a speech during the unveiling ceremony of London's first public memorial to the Korean War on December 3, 2014 in London, England
Carl Court/Getty Images

At 73 years old, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary. Formerly, he made a living as an architect, until the 1972 death of his brother, Prince William of Gloucester, put him next in line to inherit his father’s dukedom. On June 10, 1974, he officially succeeded his father as Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster, and Baron Culloden.

20 Black-and-White Facts About Penguins

To celebrate World Penguin Day (which is today, April 25), here are a few fun facts about these adorable tuxedoed birds.

1. All 17 species of penguins are found exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere.

2. Emperor Penguins are the tallest species, standing nearly 4 feet tall. The smallest is the Little Blue Penguin, which is only about 16 inches.

emperor penguin

3. The fastest species is the Gentoo Penguin, which can reach swimming speeds up to 22 mph.

Gentoo Penguin

4. A penguin's striking coloring is a matter of camouflage; from above, its black back blends into the murky depths of the ocean. From below, its white belly is hidden against the bright surface.

penguins swimming in the ocean

5. Fossils place the earliest penguin relative at some 60 million years ago, meaning an ancestor of the birds we see today survived the mass extinction of the dinosaurs.

emperor penguins

6. Penguins ingest a lot of seawater while hunting for fish, but a special gland behind their eyes—the supraorbital gland—filters out the saltwater from their blood stream. Penguins excrete it through their beaks, or by sneezing.

penguins swimming in the ocean

7. Unlike most birds—which lose and replace a few feathers at a time—penguins molt all at once, spending two or three weeks land-bound as they undergo what is called the catastrophic molt.

molting penguin

8. All but two species of penguins breed in large colonies of up to a thousand birds.

king penguins

9. It varies by species, but many penguins will mate with the same member of the opposite sex season after season.

chinstrap penguins

10. Similarly, most species are also loyal to their exact nesting site, often returning to the same rookery in which they were born.

maegellic penguin nesting

11. Some species create nests for their eggs out of pebbles and loose feathers. Emperor Penguins are an exception: They incubate a single egg each breeding season on the top of their feet. Under a loose fold of skin is a featherless area with a concentration of blood vessels that keeps the egg warm.

penguin eggs

12. In some species, it is the male penguin which incubates the eggs while females leave to hunt for weeks at a time. Because of this, pudgy males—with enough fat storage to survive weeks without eating—are most desirable.

emperor penguins

13. Penguin parents—both male and female—care for their young for several months until the chicks are strong enough to hunt for food on their own.

Penguins nest

14. If a female Emperor Penguin's baby dies, she will often "kidnap" an unrelated chick.

penguin chicks

15. Despite their lack of visible ears, penguins have excellent hearing and rely on distinct calls to identify their mates when returning to the crowded breeding grounds.

16. The first published account of penguins comes from Antonio Pigafetta, who was aboard Ferdinand Magellan's first circumnavigation of the globe in 1520. They spotted the animals near what was probably Punta Tombo in Argentina. (He called them "strange geese.")

17. An earlier, anonymous diary entry from Vasco da Gama's 1497 voyage around the Cape of Good Hope makes mention of flightless birds as large as ducks.

18. Because they aren't used to danger from animals on solid ground, wild penguins exhibit no particular fear of human tourists.

19. Unlike most sea mammals—which rely on blubber to stay warm—penguins survive because their feathers trap a layer of warm air next to the skin that serves as insulation, especially when they start generating muscular heat by swimming around.

20. In the 16th century, the word penguin actually referred to great auks (scientific name: Pinguinus impennis), a now-extinct species that inhabited the seas around eastern Canada. When explorers traveled to the Southern Hemisphere, they saw black and white birds that resembled auks, and called them penguins.


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