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The Internet Looks Back at 2008

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The internet as we know it was built by, and is populated with, people who are just obsessive-compulsive enough to appreciate a good, ranked top ten list. The turning over of every calendar year is a fine excuse to indulge in an orgy of list-making, as we sum up the previous year and see if there are some lessons we can learn for the new year.

Politics

The news in 2008 was dominated by the US presidential election. Now that the dust has settled somewhat, we can look back at memorable quotes to recall those golden moments, or take another look at the political ads we thought we'd never want to see again. We can go back and find out who broke the stories we remember about the campaign. You can even relive the campaign in comic form. Or, if you are so inclined, take another look at the videos that influenced the electorate. Year-end reviews even come in song and in LOLcat form!

News

250mugyear.jpgIn other news, websites made lists of what they specialize in. The Smoking Gun posted the most memorable mug shots of the year. A couple of those ended up in the most embarrassing photos of the year. Consumerist listed their most disgusting stories. You'll also find a list of the oddest travel stories of 2008. The top crime stories are listed, as well as stupid criminals. Environmental stories made headlines in 2008, as well as the people behind them.

Oh, but we're just getting started! Continue reading for more lists of 2008.

Tech

250iphone.jpgThe world of technology had a pretty good year, judging from the number of year-end lists. Read about the past year's top technology breakthroughs, the biggest technology stories, or significant trends in technology. In some stories, technology news intersected with politics. 2008 may be remembered as the year the geeks took over -or at least that's the way geeks would like to remember it. There were some really disappointing video games and some brilliant gadgets released over the year. All in all, it was a good year for hi-tech products, although there were still some stupid ones.

Sports

250phelps.jpg2008 saw plenty of sports action at the Olympics, where Michael Phelps emerged as the #1 athlete, but he wasn't the only star. We'll always remember the golden moments in Beijing because there are plenty of Olympic photographs. Many sites listed the top sports moments of 2008: AskMen, the Chicago Tribune, and the Houston Press, among others. Each ranking is different. See a large gallery of great sports photographs from 2008 courtesy of Sports Illustrated. Then there are the more bizarre sports lists, such as the most embarrassing football moments and the top sports-related arrests.

Science

250spiral-art-web.jpgScience gives us plenty of year-end lists. Science magazine named the top ten scientific breakthroughs of 2008 and ScienceNow listed their most-read articles of the year. And science lists get very specific for each field. National Geographic listed the top ten archaeological finds as well as the top ten dinosaur and fossil finds of 2008. In biology, read about the top ten new organisms of the year. New Scientist tells us about a year in the quantum world. And then there's the top ten medical stories. Astronomy gave us many amazing stories; here are the top five. You can also see some wonderful astronomy pictures from 2008, whether you want a collection of ten or fifty.

Entertainment

250joker.jpgIt's a tradition to list the best songs, albums, movies, and books every year, even before the internet age. Those lists are basic, and the internet gives us the expanded versions, with the most overlooked albums, the biggest musical flops, funniest music videos of the year, and even the hottest hip-hop wives and girlfriends of 2008. There are lists of movies that made the most money, worst films, independent films, and foreign films. For TV, you'll find plenty of lists of the bad things on the tube, and if you look hard, you may find a list or two about the best of TV.

People

250newman.jpgWe don't know yet who was born to be famous in 2008, but we remember those who left us. You'll find lists of famous people who died, not-so-famous people who died, overlooked people who died, musicians who died, and inventors who died this past year. Also see a list of 15-minute celebrities and celebrities to snark at from 2008. And don't forget to vote in the loser of the year poll.

Online

250matt.jpgThe internet is nothing if not introspective. Many sites and blogs post a list of their best stories at the end of the year. Jon Swift posted everyone else's best story, limited to one post per blogger. But videos are what we spent the most time looking at. You'll find tons of 2008 viral video countdowns. Some edited them into a single video. Some took reader votes. Some listed five, nine, ten, or even thirty (but mostly ten). And they are all different! There were thousands of videos produced in 2008, but the one most watched last year was quite a bit older, as seen in this top five countdown from ABC.
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In case you are looking for lists that aren't mentioned here, you might try TIME's Top Ten Everything of 2008, or the daddy of all lists of annual lists from Filmoculous. Those should keep you busy for a while.

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13 Fantastic Museums You Can Visit for Free on Saturday
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On Saturday, September 23, museums and cultural institutions across the United States will open their doors to the public for free, as part of Smithsonian magazine’s annual Museum Day Live! event. Hundreds of museums are set to participate, ranging from world-famous institutions in major cities to tiny, local museums in small towns. While the full list of museums can be viewed, and tickets can be reserved, on the Smithsonian website, we’ve collected a small selection of the fantastic museums you can visit for free this Saturday.

1. NEWSEUM // WASHINGTON, D.C.

The Newseum in Washington, D.C. is an entire museum dedicated to the First Amendment. Celebrating freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition, the museum features exhibits on civil rights, the Berlin Wall, and the history of news media in America. Their latest special exhibitions take a look back at the event of September 11, 2001 and go inside the FBI's crime-fighting tactics.

2. INTREPID SEA, AIR & SPACE MUSEUM // NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK

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New York's Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum doesn’t just showcase America’s military and maritime history—it is a piece of that history. The museum itself is one of the Essex-class aircraft carriers built by the United States Navy during World War II. Visitors can explore its massive deck and interior, and view historic airplanes, a real World War II submarine, and a range of interactive exhibits. Normally, a ticket will set you back a whopping $33 (or $19 for New York City residents), but on Saturday, general admission is free with a Museum Day Live! ticket.

3. AUTRY MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN WEST // LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA

Perfect for art lovers, history buffs, and cinephiles alike, the Autry Museum of the American West (named for legendary singing cowboy Gene Autry) offers up an eclectic mix of art, historical artifacts from the real American West, and Western film memorabilia and props.

4. MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCES // DAYTONA BEACH, FLORIDA

A massive art, science, and history museum located on a 90-acre nature preserve, the Museum of Arts and Sciences features the largest collection of Florida art anywhere in the world, as well as the largest collection of Coca-Cola memorabilia in all of Florida. Its diverse exhibits are alternately awe-inspiring, informative, and quirky, ranging from an exploration of 2000 years of sculpture art to an exhibition of 19th and 20th century advertising posters.

5. INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE HORSE AT THE KENTUCKY HORSE PARK // LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY

The International Museum of the Horse explores the history of—you guessed it!—the horse. That might sound like a narrow scope, but the museum doesn’t just display horse racing artifacts or teach you about modern horse breeds. Instead, it endeavors to tackle the 50-million-year evolution of the horse and its relationship with humans from ancient times to modern times.

6. THE PEGGY NOTEBAERT NATURE MUSEUM // CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

Pete LaMotte, Flickr // CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

The 160-year-old Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum is pulling out all the stops for this year’s Museum Day Live! In addition to their vast exhibits of animal specimens and cultural artifacts, the museum will be hosting a live animal feeding and a butterfly release throughout the day.

7. OGDEN MUSEUM OF SOUTHERN ART // NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA

The Ogden Museum of Southern Art aims to teach visitors about the rich culture and diverse visual arts of the American South. Right now, visitors can view a collection of William Eggleston's photographs and check out the museum's 10th annual invitational exhibition of ceramic teacups and teapots.

8. BALTIMORE MUSEUM OF INDUSTRY // BALTIMORE, MARYLAND

Marcin Wichary, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

Located in a 19th century oyster cannery on the Baltimore waterfront, the Baltimore Museum of Industry tells the story of American manufacturing from garment making to video game design. Visitors this weekend can meet video game designers and create custom games at the museum’s interactive “Video Game Wizards” exhibit.

9. SYLVAN HEIGHTS BIRD PARK // SCOTLAND NECK, NORTH CAROLINA

You can meet 2000 birds from around the world this weekend at the 18-acre Sylvan Heights Bird Park. Visitors to the massive garden can walk through aviaries displaying birds from every continent except Antarctica, including ducks, geese, swans, and exotic birds from all over the world.

10. DELTA BLUES MUSEUM // CLARKSDALE, MISSISSIPPI

Visit Mississippi, Flickr // CC BY-ND 2.0

Visitors to the Delta Blues Museum can learn about the unique American musical art form in “the land where blues began,” with audiovisual exhibits centered on blues and rock legend Don Nix, as well as Paramount Records illustrator Anthony Mostrom.

11. NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE & HISTORY // ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO

America’s only congressionally chartered museum dedicated to the story of the Atomic Age, the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History features exhibits on everything from nuclear medicine to representations of atomic power in pop culture. Adult visitors to the museum will delight in its impressively nuanced take on nuclear technology, while kids will love the museum’s outdoor airplane exhibit and hands-on science activities at Little Albert’s Lab.

12. MUSEUM OF THE MOUNTAIN MAN // PINEDALE, WYOMING

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Dedicated to the mountain men who explored and settled Wyoming in the 19th century, the Museum of the Mountain Man brings American folklore and legends to life. The museum features exhibits on the Rocky Mountain fur trade and tells the story of American folk legend and famed mountain man Hugh Glass (the man Leonardo DiCaprio won an Oscar playing in 2015's The Revenant).

13. BESH BA GOWAH ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK AND MUSEUM // GLOBE, ARIZONA

Arizona’s Besh Ba Gowah Archaeological Park and Museum lets visitors connect with history firsthand. The museum is home to the ruins and artifacts of the Salado Indians who inhabited Arizona from the 13th century through the 15th century, and even lets visitors wander through an 800-year-old Salado pueblo.

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‘American Gothic’ Became Famous Because Many People Saw It as a Joke
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In 1930, Iowan artist Grant Wood painted a simple portrait of a farmer and his wife (really his dentist and sister) standing solemnly in front of an all-American farmhouse. American Gothic has since inspired endless parodies and is regarded as one of the country’s most iconic works of art. But when it first came out, few people would have guessed it would become the classic it is today. Vox explains the painting’s unexpected path to fame in the latest installment of the new video series Overrated.

According to host Phil Edwards, American Gothic made a muted splash when it first hit the art scene. The work was awarded a third-place bronze medal in a contest at the Chicago Art Institute. When Wood sold the painting to the museum later on, he received just $300 for it. But the piece’s momentum didn’t stop there. It turned out that American Gothic’s debut at a time when urban and rural ideals were clashing helped it become the defining image of the era. The painting had something for everyone: Metropolitans like Gertrude Stein saw it as a satire of simple farm life in Middle America. Actual farmers and their families, on the other hand, welcomed it as celebration of their lifestyle and work ethic at a time when the Great Depression made it hard to take pride in anything.

Wood didn’t do much to clear up the work’s true meaning. He stated, "There is satire in it, but only as there is satire in any realistic statement. These are types of people I have known all my life. I tried to characterize them truthfully—to make them more like themselves than they were in actual life."

Rather than suffering from its ambiguity, American Gothic has been immortalized by it. The country has changed a lot in the past century, but the painting’s dual roles as a straight masterpiece and a format for skewering American culture still endure today.

Get the full story from Vox below.

[h/t Vox]

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