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Why Don't Human Cannonballs Die?

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Questions that have bedeviled legions of circus-goers and carnival connoisseurs: why doesn't the gunpowder kill the cannonballer before they exit the cannon? Do my eyes deceive me? And how can I break into the fast-growing field of human cannonballing? Patience, my friends. All in good time.

They don't actually use gunpowder

The "cannons" used by human cannonballers are actually giant catapults, and the smoke and explosions produced are just for show. The first human catapult act was performed in 1877, by a girl who was only 14 years old, using "elastic springs" to turn her into a living projectile. (She later went on to tour with P.T. Barnum.) The technology has changed a bit in recent years but the idea is the same: once a cannonballer clambers into his cannon, he stands on a platform about three-quarters of the way down the barrel. High-pressure compressed air is pumped into the chamber left between the platform and the bottom of the barrel, sending the platform to the top of the barrel -- and the cannonballer into the air.

Coming down is the hard part

Actually, plenty of human cannonballers do meet untimely ends on the job, but it's not usually the coming-out-of-the-cannon part that does it; according to Cecil "Straight Dope" Adams, of the 50 human cannonballers who'd had careers before the 1990s, 30 of them had been killed -- mostly by falling outside of the net. (Like this.) Dummy models are test-fired to help ensure a cannon's aim and accuracy, but the cannonballer himself has a big role to play -- there's a bit of mid-air acrobatics involved. You've got to turn just right in the air to ensure you land on your back rather than your neck.

The job's not for everyone

First of all, the pay's not great. Then there's the reality of having to live and travel with a circus, the romance of which wears of mighty fast, we'd imagine. Like most strange and unpleasant jobs, it's often passed on from parent to child: the Smith family, for instance, have been cannonballers for thirty years, despite the family patriarch's wish that he'd raised "doctors and lawyers" instead. (We get it: with the liabilities and injuries that come along with human cannonballing, free consultations from both couldn't hurt.)

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A Hamilton-Themed Cookbook is Coming
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Hamilton Broadway

Fans of Broadway hit Hamilton will soon be able to dine like the Founding Fathers: As Eater reports, a new Alexander Hamilton-inspired cookbook is slated for release in fall 2017.

Cover art for Laura Kumin's forthcoming cookbook
Amazon

Called The Hamilton Cookbook: Cooking, Eating, and Entertaining in Hamilton’s World, the recipe collection by author Laura Kumin “takes you into Hamilton’s home and to his table, with historical information, recipes, and tips on how you can prepare food and serve the food that our founding fathers enjoyed in their day,” according to the Amazon description. It also recounts Hamilton’s favorite dishes, how he enjoyed them, and which ingredients were used.

Recipes included are cauliflower florets two ways, fried sausages and apples, gingerbread cake, and apple pie. (Cue the "young, scrappy, and hungry" references.) The cookbook’s official release is on November 21—but until then, you can stave off your appetite for all things Hamilton-related by downloading the musical’s new app.

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