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Speedy Facts About Speeding Tickets

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It always amazes me when I hear someone say they've never been pulled over for speeding. My reaction is usually wow, I'd never want to be stuck behind you in traffic. As for me, I've gotten all manner of them: the 20mph-over on the interstate, the 2mph-over hick town speed trap, the stern warning (becoming rarer as I get older), but recently I got a totally new and unexpected kind, and I'm not quite sure what to do about it -- the international speeding ticket.

I spent a few weeks driving around New Zealand last month, where the roads are long and open, sheep outnumber people (and cars) 4-to-1, and the maximum speed limit is 100km/h. That's about 62mp/h, which is about as fast as we back out of our driveways here in LA. But I was very conscientious about not speeding in towns or around other cars, and I never attracted the attention of any Kiwi cops. Good on yer, I thought. Until I got a letter from New Zealand in the mail yesterday. Apparently they have robot cameras staged in remote areas of the country, and can zap you anytime, anywhere. Which raises a thorny new question for me: do I really have to pay this? I mean, what are they going to do, extradite me? I did a fair amount of Googling to help answer that question, but I couldn't come up with any firm answers. Also, they got my name wrong on the ticket, though they clearly have my address. (Any knowledge or ideas from our readers would be much appreciated.) What I did find, however, were lots of fun facts about speeding tickets:

The first speeding ticket was issued to Harry Myers of Dayton, Ohio in 1904, for going twelve miles per hour. I'm assuming they didn't use a radar to figure out his speed.

The ticket for the fastest speeder was given to a man going 272mph in a 75 zone. Apparently he was part of a San Francisco-to-Miami rally called the Gumball 3000, and he was driving an exotic, Swedish-built Koenigsegg. The fastest motorcycle caught speeding was going 205 in a 65, and was ticketed not only for reckless driving, but riding without a motorcycle license. Ouch. The officer who caught him said "I had to double-check my watch because in 27 years I'd never seen anything move that fast.''

A possibly apocryphal story about boxer Jack Johnson getting a speeding ticket has him giving the officer $100 for a $50 fine, because "I'll be coming back through just as fast."

The fastest speeder in the UK was Timothy Brady, caught driving his Porsche at 172mph in 2007. He was jailed for 10 weeks and banned from driving for 3 years.

Sharing time! What's the worst ticket you've ever gotten?

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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
May 21, 2017
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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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Nick Briggs/Comic Relief
What Happened to Jamie and Aurelia From Love Actually?
May 26, 2017
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Nick Briggs/Comic Relief

Fans of the romantic-comedy Love Actually recently got a bonus reunion in the form of Red Nose Day Actually, a short charity special that gave audiences a peek at where their favorite characters ended up almost 15 years later.

One of the most improbable pairings from the original film was between Jamie (Colin Firth) and Aurelia (Lúcia Moniz), who fell in love despite almost no shared vocabulary. Jamie is English, and Aurelia is Portuguese, and they know just enough of each other’s native tongues for Jamie to propose and Aurelia to accept.

A decade and a half on, they have both improved their knowledge of each other’s languages—if not perfectly, in Jamie’s case. But apparently, their love is much stronger than his grasp on Portuguese grammar, because they’ve got three bilingual kids and another on the way. (And still enjoy having important romantic moments in the car.)

In 2015, Love Actually script editor Emma Freud revealed via Twitter what happened between Karen and Harry (Emma Thompson and Alan Rickman, who passed away last year). Most of the other couples get happy endings in the short—even if Hugh Grant's character hasn't gotten any better at dancing.

[h/t TV Guide]