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Henry Lerolle's "The Organ Rehearsal"

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Today marks the anniversary of the death of Henry Lerolle, a French painter, art collector, and patron. Though Lerolle is not as well known as some of his contemporaries, he has recently begun to receive more attention, especially for his large 1888 painting, "The Organ Rehearsal."

1. At the age of 17, Henry Lerolle was a pupil of Louis Lamothe, who also instructed Edgar Degas. Lerolle also studied at Académie Suisse, but never attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. By age 20, though, he was exhibiting at the Paris Salon.

2. In addition to painting, collecting, and patronizing, Lerolle also worked for a time at the Louvre, where he met other artists, including Albert Besnard and Jean-Louis Forain, and spent time studying and copying the works of Nicolas Poussin (classical French painter), Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish Baroque painter), and Paolo Veronese (Italian Renaissance painter).

3. 20 avenue Duquesne, Lerolle's home, was a meeting place for the artistic community of the day. Both Edgar Degas and Pierre-Auguste Renoir were friends with Lerolle, who was also a patron of them. Renoir painted several portraits of Lerolle's daughters and Lerolle himself. The composer Claude Debussy dedicated several piano works to Lerolle's daughter Yvonne, and was often at the home, along with fellow composers Vincent d'Indy, Paul Dukas, and Ernest Chausson (who was married to Lerolle's sister-in-law).

4. At 88.75 inches high and 143 inches wide, "The Organ Rehearsal" is an extremely large canvas, in which all the figures are life-size and full-length. The figures include Henry Lerolle himself (the bearded man staring out of the canvas), his wife (seated, with music on her lap), his wife's sister (seated and leaning on her sister's chair), and his wife's other sister (the singer). It is also possible, though not proven, that Claude Debussy is also depicted.

5. Within eleven years from its creation, "The Organ Rehearsal" had become a "favorite picture" at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, attracting attention for its realism. Yet by 1928, the painting had been relegated to the bowels of the museum. Only this past February was "The Organ Rehearsal" re-discovered, cleaned, and brought out of storage to be displayed in the refurbished European galleries.

A larger version is available here.

'Feel Art Again' appears every Tuesday and Thursday.

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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
May 21, 2017
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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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Nick Briggs/Comic Relief
What Happened to Jamie and Aurelia From Love Actually?
May 26, 2017
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Nick Briggs/Comic Relief

Fans of the romantic-comedy Love Actually recently got a bonus reunion in the form of Red Nose Day Actually, a short charity special that gave audiences a peek at where their favorite characters ended up almost 15 years later.

One of the most improbable pairings from the original film was between Jamie (Colin Firth) and Aurelia (Lúcia Moniz), who fell in love despite almost no shared vocabulary. Jamie is English, and Aurelia is Portuguese, and they know just enough of each other’s native tongues for Jamie to propose and Aurelia to accept.

A decade and a half on, they have both improved their knowledge of each other’s languages—if not perfectly, in Jamie’s case. But apparently, their love is much stronger than his grasp on Portuguese grammar, because they’ve got three bilingual kids and another on the way. (And still enjoy having important romantic moments in the car.)

In 2015, Love Actually script editor Emma Freud revealed via Twitter what happened between Karen and Harry (Emma Thompson and Alan Rickman, who passed away last year). Most of the other couples get happy endings in the short—even if Hugh Grant's character hasn't gotten any better at dancing.

[h/t TV Guide]