Original image

4 Great Wikipedia Variations

Original image

1. Wookieepedia


Easily the best-named wikipedia variation, Wookieepedia caters to the geekiest of geeks "“ the Star Wars superfans. The entries delve into the entire mythology, quoting books, comics, TV shows and video games, naming characters I can't even pretend to have heard of. Since its founding in March, 2005, the encyclopedia has already amassed almost 55,000 articles. Just how detailed are the entries? The article on Mace Windu, the Jedi played by Samuel L. Jackson in Episodes I-III is almost twice as long as the Wikipedia article on Jackson himself. Props must be given to Wookieepedia's logo, a half-completed Death Star II, which is a perfectly appropriate spoof of Wikipedia's half-completed puzzle globe.

2. Chickipedia

keri-russell-400ds0828.jpgYou know what the Internet needs more of? Beautiful women. That was apparently the reasoning behind Chickipedia, the user-generated encyclopedia of sexy, famous women. The coolest (read: creepiest) feature on the site is that every entry has body measurements, in case you were always wondering what Keri Russell's bust size was. You can also search for women by their measurements, so you can find everyone with the same body as, say, Jessica Alba. They also feature great biographical information like hobbies, vices, nicknames and "dudes she's worked with." The writing is distinctively male, as in this gem from the Angelina Jolie page: "She looks like a sexy puma."
In the name of equality, there is a male alternative, although it deals with unsavory men. I'll leave it up to you to figure out the all-too-obvious PG-13 name.

3. Conservapedia/Rationalwiki

fox_news-753140.jpgLike much of the media, Wikipedia has been accused of having a liberal and anti-Christian bias. Enter Andy Schlafly and Conservapedia, the all-conservative alternative to Wikipedia. The site keeps a running tally of examples of liberal bias that currently stands at 97 and includes everything from exclusions of facts to the use of CE and BCE instead of the BC and AD. Most every article on "the trustworthy encyclopedia" has a conservative slant, even the kangaroo article, which discusses the creature's inclusion on Noah's Ark, and the Harry Potter entry, which warns that the book series will draw kids in to witchcraft.

air america.jpgBut last May saw the creation of RationalWiki, the Air America to Conservapedia's Fox News. RationalWiki is a response to the conservative encyclopedia, which, according to the site, tries to refute the anti-science and "crank" ideas. The main page has a countdown to the end of Bush's term and all of the headlines bleed with anti-conservative fire. Al Franken would be proud.

4. Simple English Wikipedia

This is technically just one of the many language variations of Wikipedia, but it's certainly the most unique. Simple English Wikipedia is designed for people with an elementary understanding of the language, like non-native speakers and children. All of the articles are written with a limited vocabulary, eliminating idioms and complex sentences. The encyclopedia also has a helpful guide to writing in simple English, with tips like "avoid passive voice" or "don't write in second person."

Original image
iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
Original image
iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

Original image
Here's How to Change Your Name on Facebook
Original image

Whether you want to change your legal name, adopt a new nickname, or simply reinvent your online persona, it's helpful to know the process of resetting your name on Facebook. The social media site isn't a fan of fake accounts, and as a result changing your name is a little more complicated than updating your profile picture or relationship status. Luckily, Daily Dot laid out the steps.

Start by going to the blue bar at the top of the page in desktop view and clicking the down arrow to the far right. From here, go to Settings. This should take you to the General Account Settings page. Find your name as it appears on your profile and click the Edit link to the right of it. Now, you can input your preferred first and last name, and if you’d like, your middle name.

The steps are similar in Facebook mobile. To find Settings, tap the More option in the bottom right corner. Go to Account Settings, then General, then hit your name to change it.

Whatever you type should adhere to Facebook's guidelines, which prohibit symbols, numbers, unusual capitalization, and honorifics like Mr., Ms., and Dr. Before landing on a name, make sure you’re ready to commit to it: Facebook won’t let you update it again for 60 days. If you aren’t happy with these restrictions, adding a secondary name or a name pronunciation might better suit your needs. You can do this by going to the Details About You heading under the About page of your profile.

[h/t Daily Dot]