On Music: Three Rock Stars who Died Choking on Vomit (and a 4th who might have)

Ransom broke new ground a couple weeks ago with his, shall we say, colorful Big D. With one mighty post, he flushed away taboos, opening up new avenues for us to write about. So, with a nod to the big R, here's one on vomit, particularly rock stars who've accidentally taken their lives by choking on their own.

First the essentials: Asphyxiating on vomit usually happens after a night of heavy drinking or a drug overdose--that is, after a person has passed out and isn't really cognizant of the upchucking. (In addition to the musicians mentioned below, some say this is how Anna Nicole Smith actually died after her overdose.) It's been described as drowning while unconscious, albeit in a sea so toxic, even the bottom crawlers steer clear.

hendrix fire.jpg Jimi Hendrix "“ Known for playing "The Star-Spangled Banner" on the guitar with his teeth and setting the instrument ablaze, Hendrix was one of the first to use wild amplifier feedback to his advantage. Though different accounts exist, most agree that on Sept. 18th, 1970, he died in bed after drinking wine and consuming a lot of sleeping pills before asphyxiating on his own vomit. Here's a short clip from my favorite Hendrix song--the much more mellow Hendrix playing "Little Wing."

bonham.jpgJohn Bonham "“ Led Zeppelin's drummer, Bonham was famous for a steady, heavy foot on the bass drum and powerful snare. The typical Bonham sound can be heard in this clip of "Kashmir."

Bonham was also famous for his insanely long drum solo in the middle of "Moby Dick," which featured him playing timpani and slapping at the drums with his bare hands.A big boozer all his life, on Sept 24th, 1980, Bonham decided to have sixteen shots of vodka"¦ FOR BREAKFAST! He went on drinking the rest of the day and eventually fell asleep. Found dead the next morning, the coroner's office said he asphyxiated on his own vomit.

scott.jpgBon Scott "“ AC/DC's lead singer between 1974 and his death in 1980, Scott is best known for his vocals on the album Highway to Hell. (Though Back in Black was an infinitely bigger hit record, Scott was already six feet under by that point in the band's history.) There are many different accounts of his death, but all of them involve a heavy night of drinking in a London club called Music Machine before the night the singer passed out. Many claim, as with Bonham, Scott died choking on his own vomit. But apparently, the official cause was listed as "acute alcohol poisoning" and "death by misadventure." (Gotta love that last phrase, eh? Only in the U.K. could anyone die by misadventure.) Here's a little soundbite from title track of Highway to Hell.

tap.jpgLastly, we have Eric "Stumpy Joe" Childs, one of six drummers who died while playing with the infamous rock outfit, Spinal Tap. I'll let the guys speak for themselves on this one:

While on the subject of upchucking, I know it sounds like it was ripped from an episode of Seinfeld, but would you believe I haven't done it since I was in fifth grade? If there were a category in The Guinness Book, I think I might have this one in the bag, because fifth grade for me was almost 30 years ago, folks! Yes, I'm the only one I know who DIDN'T during college (which probably only proves how little drinking this geek did). I'm sure no one can top that, but it would be fun to see how long you've gone since your last unfortunate round. Winner gets bragging rights"¦ Oh, and if you have a *funny* upchucking story you want to share, by all means, let it, um, fly.

5 Legendary Keyboards (and the Songs They Made Famous)

[This post was originally published on August 4th, 2008]

These days, there's no distinguishing one keyboard from the next because all they really do is act as computer trigger devices. But in the 60s, 70s, 80s, and even the early 90s, keyboards and their manufacturers were known for signature sounds. Here are five of my favorites:

1. The Mellotron

Though not nearly as famous as the others on this little list, the Mellotron is perhaps the coolest keyboard ever invented. Like our modern-day keyboard controllers that trigger computer samples, the Mellotron was really nothing more than a sample trigger-er, too. But because it was invented in the early 60s, the samples were actual tape loops! By depressing a key, a keyboardist was putting a tape of, say, a choir, or a violin section into motion on that particular pitch. So each of the 35 keys had its own, distinct, 8-second tape loop ready to play in the belly of the keyboard. Mellotrons never really caught on, though, because they were a) always breaking down, and b) the tapes, just like cassette tapes, lost their edge over time. Imagine playing an 8-second cassette tape over and over in a loop for hours on end. Think about how quickly scratches and hiss would take over.

But it was and still is one of the most musical of all early keyboards. Its sound is unmistakable, heard here on the two very famous excerpts below.

"Strawberry Fields Forever" by the Beatles. (The opening flute quartet is classic Mellotron at its best.)

"Nights in White Satin" by the Moody Blues. (Those lush strings aren't real! Well, technically they are, but as sampled and played back on the Mellotron.)

Be sure to check out "And You and I" by Yes, as well as "The Rain Song" by Led Zeppelin for more great Mellotron.

2. The Hammond Organ

HammondB3.jpgOriginally intended for churches, the Hammond line of organs, invented by Laurens Hammond in 1934 and manufactured by his Hammond Organ Company, became very popular in the 60s and 70s with rock and blues bands, especially the Hammond B3, pictured here. Whether you know the Hammond or not, you definitely know its legendary sound. Check out the examples I've picked here and revel in that "a-ha moment."

"Amsterdam," by Coldplay "“ One of my favorite songs by Coldplay. Listen how the Hammond coming in under the piano just opens the whole song up and takes it to another level.

Ah, yes: "A Whiter Shade of Pale" by Procol Harum. Can you imagine how different the song would feel if the chord progression and tune were plucked out on, say, a piano?

The Hammond completely defines this great Steve Winwood song, "Gimme Some Lovin":

3. The Minimoog

Minimoog.JPGA lot has been written about Bob Moog and his Moog Music empire. One cool fact, which often gets forgotten, is that the Minimoog is actually monophonic, which means it can only play one note at a time. You can't even play a simple C major chord on the Minimoog, let alone accompany yourself with the left hand plucking out a bass line on the lower part of the 44-key synth. It's also one of the first keyboards to feature the now ubiquitous modulation and pitch-bend wheels.

One of my favorite examples of the classic Minimoog is the following solo in Pink Floyd's song "Shine on You Crazy Diamond."

4. The Synclavier

synclavier.jpgAlong with the Fairlight synthesizer, the Synclavier, made by New England Digital in 1975, was one of the very first keyboards that allowed musicians to sample sounds and store them in on-board computers. In fact, if you're an old fart like me, you might remember Stevie Wonder showing off this very sampling ability on his Synclavier in an episode of The Cosby Show (the one where the kids get into a car accident with him).

One really amazing thing about the Synclavier, other than its ability to sample the human voice or anything within a microphone's range, was its amazingly high sticker price. Costing upwards of a quarter of a million dollars (much less than the price of my parent's 3-bedroom apartment in Center City Philadelphia purchased around the same time), some Synclaviers even fetched closer to half-a-million.

Other noteworthy facts about the Synclavier: It was created at Dartmouth College by the team of: Sydney Alonso, who developed the hardware designs, Cameron Jones, who developed the software, and Dartmouth faculty member and composer Jon Appleton, a musical advisor to the project.
Other than the Cosby episode, which I can't find on YouTube, if you'd like to hear the Synclavier in action, check out one of the most famous samples in music history below (the gong at the beginning of "Beat It," by Michael Jackson):

5. The Fender Rhodes

rhodes.jpgAll I have to say is: the theme song from Taxi, and you should instantly know the sound of the Fender Rhodes. Ubiquitous throughout the 70s and 80s in dozens of maudlin ballads (which we'll sample momentarily), the Rhodes is named for its inventor, Harold Rhodes, who was a piano teacher before joining the Army Air Corps during WWII. It was there that he was asked to provide musical therapy, bedside, for the wounded and wound up inventing a small keyboard using aluminum pipes from the wings of B-17 bombers.

The pipes created such a pleasing sound, and Rhodes' therapy sessions became so well-known, he received the Medal of Honor after the war. Soon he was manufacturing a larger version, and, over time, new, improved versions. Eventually, the Rhodes was bought out by Fender, which is why people forever call it the Fender Rhodes.

In addition to the below clips, the Rhodes can be heard up and down Chick Corea's Light as a Feather, Miles Davis' In a Silent Way and Bitches Brew, as well as on most of Weather Report's albums and Herbie Hancock's, too. It was a jazz-fusion staple for a couple decades there.

"Just the Way You Are" by Billy Joel

"Angela (Theme from 'Taxi')" by Bob James

Ed note: The gorgeous Stevie Wonder keyboard pic (on the homepage) is by Al Satterwhite, via kalamu.

Check out past On Music posts here >>

Shazam, Shlemiel, Shlimazel

I've used Shazam on and off over the years to I.D. songs I either forgot the names of or just never knew. But the real test of any music recognition software is whether or not it can tell me what's playing on a classical music station. This is where you really need the app to come through because, let's face it, it could be 30 minutes or more before the piece ends and the radio announcer comes back on to tell you. Sadly, every time I've tried, the app has come up empty. I've even tested it with well-known pieces, like Barber's Adagio for Strings. Instead of coming back with at least "The theme from Platoon," Shazam says the piece is "unrecognized." What would Samuel Barber say?

Deciphering classical music presents a lot of challenges. For starters, recordings are indistinguishable when you're talking about a 12-second sample size. For example, there are more than 200 recordings of Beethoven's 5th Symphony! Not quite like learning the beat of a B52s song, is it?

Tempi vary wildly from recording to recording and, as I understand it, it's the tempo/beat mapping that Shazam is really working off of. But technology will improve, rest assured. The Shazams of the future will surely be able to not only distinguish between Mozart's Requiem and Berlioz's Requiem, but the hundreds of recordings of each. Until then, well, I guess the beat goes on...

Have any funny or interesting experiences with music recognition software? Let us know in the comments below.

Check out all the ON MUSIC posts here.


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